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New organic molecule shatters phosphorescence efficiency records and paves way for rare metal-free applications

Date:
July 4, 2024
Source:
Osaka University
Summary:
A team has discovered that the new organic molecule thienyl diketone exhibits high-efficiency phosphorescence, achieving a rate over ten times faster than traditional materials. This breakthrough provides new guidelines for developing rare metal-free organic phosphorescent materials, promising advancements in applications like organic EL displays, lighting, and cancer diagnostics.
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A research team led by Osaka University discovered that the new organic molecule thienyl diketone shows high-efficiency phosphorescence. It achieved phosphorescence that is more than ten times faster than traditional materials, allowing the team to elucidate this mechanism. Phosphorescence is a valuable optical function used in applications such as organic EL displays (OLEDs) and cancer diagnostics. Until now, achieving high-efficiency phosphorescence without using rare metals such as iridium and platinum has been a significant challenge. Phosphorescence, which occurs when a molecule transitions from a high-energy state to a low-energy state, often competes with non-radiative processes where the molecule loses energy as heat.

This competition can lead to slow phosphorescence and lower efficiency. While previous research indicated that incorporating certain structural elements into organic molecules could speed up phosphorescence, these efforts have not matched the speed and efficiency of rare metal-based materials.

The research team's breakthrough with the new organic molecule thienyl diketone represents a significant advancement in the field. Yosuke Tani, senior author of the study, remarked, "We discovered this molecule by chance and initially did not understand why it demonstrated such superior performance. However, as our research progressed, we began to connect the pieces and deepen our understanding."

"Our research has led to a clearer understanding of the mechanism behind this molecule's performance than any previous organic phosphorescent material," explains Dr. Tani. "Nonetheless, we believe there is still much to explore, and we are excited about its potential applications."

This research provides new design guidelines for developing organic phosphorescent materials that do not rely on rare metals, offering the potential to surpass and replace these materials in various applications. The findings promise significant advancements in the fields of OLEDs, lighting, and medical diagnostics, among others.


Story Source:

Materials provided by Osaka University. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Yosuke Tani, Kiyoshi Miyata, Erika Ou, Yuya Oshima, Mao Komura, Morihisa Terasaki, Shuji Kimura, Takumi Ehara, Koki Kubo, Ken Onda, Takuji Ogawa. Fast, efficient, narrowband room-temperature phosphorescence from metal-free 1,2-diketones: rational design and the mechanism. Chemical Science, 2024; DOI: 10.1039/D4SC02841D

Cite This Page:

Osaka University. "New organic molecule shatters phosphorescence efficiency records and paves way for rare metal-free applications." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 4 July 2024. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/07/240704122211.htm>.
Osaka University. (2024, July 4). New organic molecule shatters phosphorescence efficiency records and paves way for rare metal-free applications. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 17, 2024 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/07/240704122211.htm
Osaka University. "New organic molecule shatters phosphorescence efficiency records and paves way for rare metal-free applications." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/07/240704122211.htm (accessed July 17, 2024).

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