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Glutamic acid

Glutamate is a key molecule in cellular metabolism.

In humans, dietary proteins are broken down by digestion into amino acids, which serves as metabolic fuel or other functional roles in the body.

A key process in amino acid degradation is transamination, in which the amino group of an amino acid is transferred to an α-ketoacid, typically catalysed by a transaminase.

Note:   The above text is excerpted from the Wikipedia article "Glutamic acid", which has been released under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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