Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

New Strategy To Prevent Genetically Altered Rice From Uncontrolled Spreading

Date:
March 21, 2008
Source:
Public Library of Science
Summary:
A method of creating selective terminable transgenic rice has been developed. Unintended spreading of transgenic rice by pollen and seed dispersal is a major concern for planting transgenic rice, especially transgenic rice expressing pharmaceutical or industrial proteins.

Field trial for selective termination of the transgenic rice. The transgenic plants and the conventional control rice plants were sprayed with Bentazon. The picture was taken 7 days after the spray. The surviving plants were rice plants not carrying the transgene.
Credit: Chaoyang Lin et al. PLoS One/doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001818.g005

A method of creating selective terminable transgenic rice was reported by the scientists of Zhejiang University. Unintended spreading of transgenic rice by pollen and seed dispersal is a major concern for planting transgenic rice, especially transgenic rice expressing pharmaceutical or industrial proteins.

The transgenic rice plants created in the past usually can only be detected by sophisticated molecular detection methods and it is prohibitedly difficult to identify and selectively kill the transgenic rice plants once they escape into environments and contaminate conventional rice.

However, with the technology reported by Dr. Zhicheng Shen's group, the transgenic rice plants mixed in the conventional rice could be selectively eliminated by a spray of Bentazon, an herbicide commonly used for rice weed control.

This technology appears to be quite simple, reliable and inexpensive for implementation. "If you use Bentazon for weed control in your rice field, you do not need to worry about any possible contamination caused by transgenic rice created by our method. The herbicide will take care of it" said Dr. Shen, the corresponding author of the article. "Containment of transgenic crops only by physical isolation is not sufficient in our view, as human errors, animal activities and nature accidents will lead to the spreading of transgenic rice plants sooner or later" added Chaoyang Lin, graduate student in Dr. Shen's laboratory and one of the leading contributors of the article. Indeed, several major accidents of unintended spreading of the transgenic crops did happen in the past several years in USA.

This technology may be best for use to contain transgenic rice as bioreactors. "While all biotech products today are safe and nutritious, this technology could allow certain crops targeted for industrial, energy or health uses to be grown under controlled conditions and kept separate from other channels" said Nick Duck Vice President of Research for Athenix Corp. in the USA.

The principle beneath this strategy is elegant and simple according to the article. The genes of interest in these transgenic rice plants will be linked with an RNAi cassette which suppresses the expression of the rice detoxification enzyme of Bentazon, rendering the transgenic rice to be sensitive to the herbicide. Conventional rice is highly tolerant to Bentazon.

Dr. Shen's lab is currently using the technology for developing transgenic rice as well as corn for expression of industrial enzymes and pharmaceutical proteins. "We believe that transgenic crops are the future, and we feel much better knowing that we may release selectively terminable transgenic plants in the future to address the concern of transgene spreading", said Dr. Shen.

Journal reference: Lin C, Fang J, Xu X, Zhao T, Cheng J, et al. (2008) A Built-In Strategy for Containment of Transgenic Plants: Creation of Selectively Terminable Transgenic Rice. PLoS One 3(3): e1818. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001818


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Public Library of Science. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Public Library of Science. "New Strategy To Prevent Genetically Altered Rice From Uncontrolled Spreading." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 21 March 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/03/080318203316.htm>.
Public Library of Science. (2008, March 21). New Strategy To Prevent Genetically Altered Rice From Uncontrolled Spreading. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 19, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/03/080318203316.htm
Public Library of Science. "New Strategy To Prevent Genetically Altered Rice From Uncontrolled Spreading." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/03/080318203316.htm (accessed April 19, 2014).

Share This



More Plants & Animals News

Saturday, April 19, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Vermont Goat Meat Gives Refugees Taste of Home

Vermont Goat Meat Gives Refugees Taste of Home

AP (Apr. 18, 2014) Dairy farmers and ethnic groups in Vermont are both benefiting from a unique collaborative effort that's feeding a growing need for fresh and affordable goat meat. (April 18) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
First Ever 'Female Penis' Discovered In Animal Kingdom

First Ever 'Female Penis' Discovered In Animal Kingdom

Newsy (Apr. 18, 2014) Not only are these newly discovered bugs' sex organs reversed, but they also mate for up to 70 hours. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Little Progress Made In Fighting Food Poisoning, CDC Says

Little Progress Made In Fighting Food Poisoning, CDC Says

Newsy (Apr. 18, 2014) A new report shows rates of two foodborne infections increased in the U.S. in recent years, while salmonella actually dropped 9 percent. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
The Great British Farmland Boom

The Great British Farmland Boom

Reuters - Business Video Online (Apr. 17, 2014) Britain's troubled Co-operative Group is preparing to cash in on nearly 18,000 acres of farmland in one of the biggest UK land sales in decades. As Ivor Bennett reports, the market timing couldn't be better, with farmland prices soaring over 270 percent in the last 10 years. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins