Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Cellular protein hobbles HIV-1

Date:
December 13, 2010
Source:
American Society for Microbiology
Summary:
A cellular protein called BST-2 had already been known to interfere with the spread of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), by inhibiting the release of its progeny particles from infected cells. Now scientists show that in addition, each progeny virion's ability to cause infection is severely impaired.

A cellular protein called BST-2 had already been known to interfere with the spread of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), by inhibiting the release of its progeny particles from infected cells. Now a team from McGill University, Montreal, shows that in addition, each progeny virion's ability to cause infection is severely impaired.

"BST-2 may exert a more potent inhibition effect on HIV-1 transmission than previously thought," says coauthor Chen Liang. The research is published in the December Journal of Virology.

BST-2 appears to attenuate infectivity of progeny particles by interfering with their maturation. Normally, during synthesis of new virus particles, a protein called PR55Gag is cleaved into three major structural proteins of HIV. "This cleavage process transforms HIV-1 from an immature and non-infectious virion into a mature and infectious virion," says Chen. The protease inhibitors, drugs given to AIDS patients to contain the disease, block this step. Similarly, BST-2 seems to interfere with this step, because in the study, its presence was associated with accumulation of uncleaved Gag precursor and intermediate products. The mechanism of that interference has yet to be elucidated.

BST-2 (bone marrow stromal cell antigen-2), also known as tetherin, is a cellular protein which has been shown to restrict production of enveloped viruses besides HIV-1, including HIV-2, simian immunodeficiency virus, Kaposi's sarcoma herpes virus, Lassa virus, Marburg virus, and Ebola virus. It interferes with release of new virus particles by anchoring one end of itself in the plasma membrane of the infected cell while the other end becomes inserted into the viral envelope.

Different viruses have evolved various countermeasures. For example, in the case of HIV-1, the viral protein Vpu downregulates BST-2 from the cell surface, removing it from virus budding sites.

"The antiviral function of BST-2 has been extensively studied by a number of groups besides ours," says Chen. "Our hope is that the results of all of these studies can eventually be used to develop a BST-2 based anti-HIV-1 therapy."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Society for Microbiology. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. J. Zhang, C. Liang. BST-2 Diminishes HIV-1 Infectivity. Journal of Virology, 2010; 84 (23): 12336 DOI: 10.1128/JVI.01228-10

Cite This Page:

American Society for Microbiology. "Cellular protein hobbles HIV-1." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 13 December 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/11/101116161248.htm>.
American Society for Microbiology. (2010, December 13). Cellular protein hobbles HIV-1. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 16, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/11/101116161248.htm
American Society for Microbiology. "Cellular protein hobbles HIV-1." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/11/101116161248.htm (accessed April 16, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Wednesday, April 16, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Ebola Outbreak Now Linked To 121 Deaths

Ebola Outbreak Now Linked To 121 Deaths

Newsy (Apr. 15, 2014) The ebola virus outbreak in West Africa is now linked to 121 deaths. Health officials fear the virus will continue to spread in urban areas. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Cognitive Function: Is It All Downhill From Age 24?

Cognitive Function: Is It All Downhill From Age 24?

Newsy (Apr. 15, 2014) A new study out of Canada says cognitive motor performance begins deteriorating around age 24. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
How Mt. Everest Helped Scientists Research Diabetes

How Mt. Everest Helped Scientists Research Diabetes

Newsy (Apr. 15, 2014) British researchers were able to use Mount Everest's low altitudes to study insulin resistance. They hope to find ways to treat diabetes. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Carpenter's Injury Leads To Hundreds Of 3-D-Printed Hands

Carpenter's Injury Leads To Hundreds Of 3-D-Printed Hands

Newsy (Apr. 14, 2014) Richard van As lost all fingers on his right hand in a woodworking accident. Now, he's used the incident to create a prosthetic to help hundreds. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins