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Cell’s transport pods look like a molecular version of robots from Transformers

Date:
May 25, 2012
Source:
European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL)
Summary:
Images of the cell's transport pods have revealed a molecular version of the robots from Transformers. Previously, scientists had been able to create and determine the structure of 'cages' formed by parts of the protein coats that encase other types of vesicles, but this study was the first to obtain high-resolution images of complete vesicles, budded from a membrane.

Images of the cell’s transport pods have revealed a molecular version of the robots from Transformers.
Credit: Copyright EMBL/M.Faini

Images of the cell's transport pods, produced at EMBL Heidelberg, revealed a molecular version of the robots from Transformers, published online May 25 in Science.

These spheres may look almost identical, but subtle differences between them revealed a molecular version of the robots from Transformers. Each sphere is a vesicle, a pod that cells use to transport materials between different compartments. The images, produced by Marco Faini from John Briggs' lab at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), in Heidelberg, Germany, are the first high-resolution view of the three-dimensional structure of such a pod. They show a particular type of vesicle that is encased by a protein called COPI, and whose structure had never been seen before.

Several copies of the COPI protein attach to each other to form a coat around the vesicle's membrane. Briggs and colleagues were surprised to find that the COPI building blocks are capable of a 'transformer' act: they can change shape to connect to more or fewer copies of themselves. So by changing the shape of individual COPI blocks, the cell could create vesicles of different shapes and sizes, for instance to transport different kinds of cargo.

Previously, scientists had been able to create and determine the structure of 'cages' formed by parts of the protein coats that encase other types of vesicles, but this study was the first to obtain high-resolution images of complete vesicles, budded from a membrane.

The work was carried out in collaboration with the lab of Felix Wieland at Heidelberg University in Germany.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL). Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. M. Faini, S. Prinz, R. Beck, M. Schorb, J. D. Riches, K. Bacia, B. Brugger, F. T. Wieland, J. A. G. Briggs. The Structures of COPI-Coated Vesicles Reveal Alternate Coatomer Conformations and Interactions. Science, 2012; DOI: 10.1126/science.1221443

Cite This Page:

European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL). "Cell’s transport pods look like a molecular version of robots from Transformers." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 25 May 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/05/120525103614.htm>.
European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL). (2012, May 25). Cell’s transport pods look like a molecular version of robots from Transformers. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 30, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/05/120525103614.htm
European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL). "Cell’s transport pods look like a molecular version of robots from Transformers." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/05/120525103614.htm (accessed July 30, 2014).

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