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Solar activity not a key cause of climate change, study shows

Date:
December 22, 2013
Source:
University of Edinburgh
Summary:
Climate change has not been strongly influenced by variations in heat from the sun, a new scientific study shows.

Solar flare on the sun. Climate change has not been strongly influenced by variations in heat from the sun, a new scientific study shows.
Credit: NASA/SDO/AIA

Climate change has not been strongly influenced by variations in heat from the sun, a new scientific study shows.

The findings overturn a widely held scientific view that lengthy periods of warm and cold weather in the past might have been caused by periodic fluctuations in solar activity.

Research examining the causes of climate change in the northern hemisphere over the past 1000 years has shown that until the year 1800, the key driver of periodic changes in climate was volcanic eruptions. These tend to prevent sunlight reaching Earth, causing cool, drier weather. Since 1900, greenhouse gases have been the primary cause of climate change.

The findings show that periods of low sun activity should not be expected to have a large impact on temperatures on Earth, and are expected to improve scientists' understanding and help climate forecasting.

Scientists at the University of Edinburgh carried out the study using records of past temperatures constructed with data from tree rings and other historical sources. They compared this data record with computer-based models of past climate, featuring both significant and minor changes in the sun.

They found that their model of weak changes in the sun gave the best correlation with temperature records, indicating that solar activity has had a minimal impact on temperature in the past millennium.

The study, published in Nature GeoScience, was supported by the Natural Environment Research Council.

Dr Andrew Schurer, of the University of Edinburgh's School of GeoSciences, said: "Until now, the influence of the sun on past climate has been poorly understood. We hope that our new discoveries will help improve our understanding of how temperatures have changed over the past few centuries, and improve predictions for how they might develop in future. Links between the sun and anomalously cold winters in the UK are still being explored."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Edinburgh. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Andrew P. Schurer, Simon F. B. Tett, Gabriele C. Hegerl. Small influence of solar variability on climate over the past millennium. Nature Geoscience, 2013; DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2040

Cite This Page:

University of Edinburgh. "Solar activity not a key cause of climate change, study shows." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 22 December 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/12/131222161813.htm>.
University of Edinburgh. (2013, December 22). Solar activity not a key cause of climate change, study shows. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 31, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/12/131222161813.htm
University of Edinburgh. "Solar activity not a key cause of climate change, study shows." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/12/131222161813.htm (accessed July 31, 2014).

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