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Scientists discover the miracle of how geckos move, cling to ceilings

Date:
August 12, 2014
Source:
Oregon State University
Summary:
Researchers have developed a model that explains how geckos, as well as spiders and some insects, can run up and down walls, cling to ceilings, and seemingly defy gravity with such effortless grace.

Researchers at Oregon State University have developed a model that explains how geckos, as well as spiders and some insects, can run up and down walls, cling to ceilings, and seemingly defy gravity with such effortless grace.

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This ability, outlined today in the Journal of Applied Physics, is a remarkable mechanism in the toes of geckos that uses tiny, branched hairs called "seta" that can instantly turn their stickiness on and off, and even "unstick" their feet without using any energy.

These extraordinary hairs contribute to the ability of geckos to run, evade predators, and protect their very lives and survival. In essence, a gecko never has a bad hair day.

"These are really fascinating nanoscale systems and forces at work," said Alex Greaney, an assistant professor in the OSU College of Engineering. "It's based not just on the nature of the seta but the canted angles and flexibility they have, and ability to work under a wide range of loading conditions."

Even more compelling, Greaney said, is the minimal amount of energy expended in the whole process, as a gecko can race across a ceiling with millions of little hairy contact points on its feet turning sticky and non-sticky in a precisely integrated process. This "smart" adhesion system allows them to run at 20 body-lengths per second and, hanging from a ceiling, the forces provided by the seta could actually support 50 times the body weight of the gecko.

In continued research the scientists want to find out more about this mechanism to recover stored energy, to see if more practical uses could be made of it -- better adhesives, for instance, or robots that can use some of these principles for improved performance or use in extreme environments.

The adhesion system used by geckos and insects has literally been studied for thousands of years, Greaney said, and it was only in 2000 that experts proved they are taking advantage of a concept in physics called van der Waals forces, a type of weak intermolecular force.

Geckos' feet are, by default, non-sticky, but the stickiness can be activated by a small shear force to produce this surprisingly tough form of adhesion.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Oregon State University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Congcong Hu and P. Alex Greaney. Role of seta angle and flexibility in the gecko adhesion mechanism. Journal of Applied Physics, August 12, 2014 DOI: 10.1063/1.4892628

Cite This Page:

Oregon State University. "Scientists discover the miracle of how geckos move, cling to ceilings." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 12 August 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140812122222.htm>.
Oregon State University. (2014, August 12). Scientists discover the miracle of how geckos move, cling to ceilings. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 21, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140812122222.htm
Oregon State University. "Scientists discover the miracle of how geckos move, cling to ceilings." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140812122222.htm (accessed December 21, 2014).

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