Philadelphia, PA -- If you're hunting for illegal drugs, you don't have to leave your computer desk to find them. A simple internet search will turn up dozens of websites that let you order your drug-of-choice for home-delivery.
In fact, if you search for "no prescription codeine" through one of the standard computer-search systems, the odds are almost fifty-fifty that the first site you hit will provide an instant opportunity to buy drugs illegally.
That finding by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine will be published in the August 20 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
"This is unprecedented access to opiates, and it is relatively undocumented," said Robert F. Forman, PhD, Assistant Professor of Psychology in the Department of Psychiatry, principal author of the study, and a member of Penn's Treatment Research Institute.
Using "Google.com," a commonly used computer search engine, Forman and his Penn colleague, Ovgu Kaynack, BA, found that 53 of the first 100 web-page links generated by typing in the term "no prescription codeine" were sites that offered to sell directly or indirectly opiate medication without a prescription, and 35 of those sites also sold barbituates, benzodiazepines, hallucinogens and other prescription stimulants.
In many instances, Forman said, the only information necessary for purchasing drugs through the sites were a shipping address and a payment method.
He and Kayneck also found that about half the websites were registered outside the United States. Some of those sites pledged secure delivery of drugs by mail. One site promised to "reship your order for free in the event of confiscation." Another claimed, "There is less than a one percent chance of your package being seized" because of the "high volume" of mail-order narcotics entering the United States.
"These websites present a significant risk to public health. The uncontrolled access to prescription drugs can lead to an increase in addiction and overdose deaths, and yet children preparing a report for school may inadvertently stumble upon a portal that leads them to illegal drugs," Forman said. "There is evidence that prescription drug use among young people is increasing. We need to discern whether law enforcement officials in the United States can work effectively against drug sites that operate out of other countries, some of which permit the sale of opiates."
Dr. Forman's work is supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network.
Materials provided by University Of Pennsylvania Medical Center. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.
Cite This Page: