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Battle Of The Bulge: Why Losing Weight Is Easier Than Keeping It Off For Good

Date:
January 9, 2006
Source:
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Summary:
Columbia University researchers have now explained why once you lose weight the pounds can easily creep back on again. They show that our bodies interpret the new weight-reduced state as one of relative deficiency in the hormone leptin, causing our bodies to actually act to restore the lost fat mass. These changes were reversed once circulating levels of leptin were restored to levels that were present prior to weight loss, by subcutaneous delivery of leptin.
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You've successfully dropped those extra pounds only to discover that they creep back on again. Columbia University researchers may have now worked out why.

In a study appearing in the December 1 issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Michael Rosenbaum and colleagues from Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons show that body weight is regulated by coordinate metabolic, neuroendocrine, and autonomic systems that act to actually restore fat mass in individuals attempting to maintain their slim new figure. The authors suggest that our bodies interpret the weight-reduced state as one of relative deficiency in the hormone leptin.

To test their hypothesis, the authors administered "replacement" doses of leptin to lean individuals that had recently lost weight as well as to obese individuals. The authors found that most of the metabolic, neuroendocrine, and autonomic changes that oppose the maintenance of a reduced body weight were actually reversed once circulating levels of leptin were restored to levels that were present prior to weight loss. These mechanisms lie at the center of why more than 85% of obese individuals that have lost weight eventually relapse.

These findings suggest that therapeutics directed at the leptin signaling pathway may, pending longer studies, assist in the maintenance of reduced body weight.

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TITLE: Low dose leptin reverses skeletal muscle, autonomic, and neuroendocrine adaptations to maintenance of reduced weight

View the PDF of this article at:https://www.the-jci.org/article.php?id=25977


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Cite This Page:

Journal of Clinical Investigation. "Battle Of The Bulge: Why Losing Weight Is Easier Than Keeping It Off For Good." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 9 January 2006. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/01/060108230206.htm>.
Journal of Clinical Investigation. (2006, January 9). Battle Of The Bulge: Why Losing Weight Is Easier Than Keeping It Off For Good. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 23, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/01/060108230206.htm
Journal of Clinical Investigation. "Battle Of The Bulge: Why Losing Weight Is Easier Than Keeping It Off For Good." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/01/060108230206.htm (accessed May 23, 2017).

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