New! Sign up for our free email newsletter.
Science News
from research organizations

Bully victims more likely to suffer night terrors, nightmares by age 12

Date:
September 11, 2014
Source:
University of Warwick
Summary:
Children who are bullied at ages 8-10 are more likely to suffer from sleep walking, night terrors or nightmares by the time they are 12 years old. The authors suggest that: "If a child is experiencing frequent parasomnias, parents, teachers, school counselors, and clinicians may consider asking about bullying. This would allow detecting bullied children and providing the help they need at an early time to reduce the negative effects of being bullied."
Share:
FULL STORY

Children who are bullied at ages 8-10 are more likely to suffer from sleep walking, night terrors or nightmares by the time they are 12 years old.

In a study published this week in Pediatrics, journal of the American Pediatric Association, Professor Dieter Wolke and Dr Suzet Tanya Lereya from the University of Warwick, found being bullied increases the risk for a category of sleep disorders known as parasomnias. These are sleep-related problems such as nightmares, night terrors or sleep walking.

A cohort of children from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) were interviewed at elementary school age (8 and 10 years) about bullying experiences and then about parasomnias at secondary school age (12-13 years).

Professor Wolke, from Warwick Medical School and the Department of Psychology, said: "We found children who were bullied at age 8 or 10 years were more likely to have nightmares, night terrors, or sleepwalking at age 12 years. Moreover, those who were bullied and bullied others (bully/victims) were most likely to have any parasomnia.

"Consistent with previous studies, being a female, having persistent sleep problems, and emotional and behaviour problems in childhood additionally increased the risk for parasomnias at age 12 years."

Dr Lereya, from the Department of Psychology, added that stress could be an important mechanism for the association between being bullied and parasomnias.

"Nightmares may occur when anxiety exceeds a threshold level and several studies have suggested that trait anxiety may be related to the frequency of parasomnias. However, even after controlling for pre-existing anxiety problems our results showed that being bullied may increase the risk for parasomnias."

The authors suggest that: "If a child is experiencing frequent parasomnias, parents, teachers, school counsellors, and clinicians may consider asking about bullying. This would allow detecting bullied children and providing the help they need at an early time to reduce the negative effects of being bullied."


Story Source:

Materials provided by University of Warwick. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. D. Wolke, S. T. Lereya. Bullying and Parasomnias: A Longitudinal Cohort Study. PEDIATRICS, 2014; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2014-1295

Cite This Page:

University of Warwick. "Bully victims more likely to suffer night terrors, nightmares by age 12." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 11 September 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/09/140911092911.htm>.
University of Warwick. (2014, September 11). Bully victims more likely to suffer night terrors, nightmares by age 12. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 19, 2024 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/09/140911092911.htm
University of Warwick. "Bully victims more likely to suffer night terrors, nightmares by age 12." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/09/140911092911.htm (accessed July 19, 2024).

Explore More

from ScienceDaily

RELATED STORIES