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Bee disease reduced by nature's 'medicine cabinet'

Date:
February 17, 2015
Source:
Dartmouth College
Summary:
Nicotine isn't healthy for people, but such naturally occurring chemicals found in flowers of tobacco and other plants could be just the right prescription for ailing bees, according to a new study.
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A bumble bee collecting nectar containing iridoid glycoside secondary metabolites from a turtlehead flower.
Credit: Leif Richardson

Nicotine isn't healthy for people, but such naturally occurring chemicals found in flowers of tobacco and other plants could be just the right prescription for ailing bees, according to a Dartmouth College-led study.

The researchers found that chemicals in floral nectar, including the alkaloids anabasine and nicotine, the iridoid glycoside catalpol and the terpenoid thymol, significantly reduce parasite infection in bees. The results suggest that growing plants high in these compounds around farm fields could create a natural "medicine cabinet" that improves survival of diseased bees and pollination of crops. The researchers studied parasite infections in bumble bees, which like honey bees are important pollinators that are in decline around the world, a trend that threatens fruits, vegetables and other crops that make up much of the food supply for people.

The findings appear in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

Plants produce chemicals called secondary metabolites to defend leaves against herbivores. These chemicals are also found in nectar for pollinators, but little is known about the impacts of nectar chemistry on pollinators, including bees. The researchers hypothesized that some nectar compounds could reduce parasite infections in bees, so they inoculated individual bumble bees with an intestinal parasite and tested effects of eight naturally occurring nectar chemicals on parasite population growth. The results showed that consumption of these chemicals lessened the intensity of infection by up to 81 percent, which could significantly reduce the spread of parasites within and between bee colonies.

"Our novel results highlight that secondary metabolites in floral nectar may play a vital role in reducing bee-parasite interactions," says senior author Dartmouth Professor Rebecca Irwin.


Story Source:

Materials provided by Dartmouth College. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Leif L. Richardson , Lynn S. Adler , Anne S. Leonard , Jonathan Andicoechea , Karly H. Regan , Winston E. Anthony , Jessamyn S. Manson , Rebecca E. Irwin. Secondary metabolites in floral nectar reduce parasite infections in bumblebees. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 2015 DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2014.2471

Cite This Page:

Dartmouth College. "Bee disease reduced by nature's 'medicine cabinet'." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 17 February 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/02/150217202931.htm>.
Dartmouth College. (2015, February 17). Bee disease reduced by nature's 'medicine cabinet'. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 23, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/02/150217202931.htm
Dartmouth College. "Bee disease reduced by nature's 'medicine cabinet'." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/02/150217202931.htm (accessed May 23, 2017).

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