First-time surgery can be concerning to any patient. Knee surgery -- even arthroscopic surgery to treat a torn meniscus -- can require significant preparation and rehabilitation. According to a new study appearing in the June 17 issue of the Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (JBJS), a web-based tutorial can not only increase a patient's understanding of the surgery but also provide a better experience.
Meniscal tears are among the most common knee injuries in athletes; however, anyone at any age can tear a meniscus. Although various non-surgical methods can be used to treat this injury, an orthopaedic surgeon may suggest arthroscopic knee surgery if symptoms persist despite conservative treatment. According to the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine, more than four million knee arthroscopies are performed worldwide each year.
'The goal of our study was to evaluate the effect of a multimedia patient education tool on the surgical experience of patients undergoing first-time knee arthroscopy,' said lead author and orthopaedic sports surgeon Bob Yin, M.D. 'We found that when used as an adjunct to the traditional patient-surgeon interaction, the Web-based tutorial was an effective tool for enhancing the patient's perioperative experience.' In this study, researchers randomized patients into two groups -- a control group that received standard preoperative counseling and an intervention group that completed a 20-minute web-based multimedia tutorial in addition to standard counseling. Of the 64 patients enrolled in the study, 55 were included in the final data analysis. The control group (29 patients) and the intervention group (26 patients) were similar in terms of age and level of education. Patients were asked to rate their level of knowledge and satisfaction, using a 10-point scale, with 10 being most informed, at various points.
'Overall, patients who received the tutorial had higher satisfaction scores and an enhanced surgical experience,' said Yin. 'Having adequate knowledge is critical in the shared decision-making process because it empowers patients to make an informed decision about their care.'
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