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Dietary potassium may help prevent kidney, heart problems in diabetics

Date:
November 13, 2015
Source:
American Society of Nephrology
Summary:
Higher levels of urinary potassium excretion, which closely correlate with intake amounts, were linked with a slower decline of kidney function and a lower incidence of cardiovascular complications among patients with type 2 diabetes and normal kidney function.
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Diets rich in potassium may help protect the heart and kidney health of patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN).

Individuals with type 2 diabetes are at increased risk of developing kidney failure and heart disease. To examine whether higher intake sodium and potassium are associated with these risks, Shin-ichi Araki, MD, PhD (Shiga University of Medical Science, in Japan) and his colleagues studied a group of 623 patients with type 2 diabetes and normal kidney function. Patients were enrolled between 1996 and 2003 and were followed-up until 2013.

Higher levels of urinary potassium excretion, which closely correlate with intake amounts, were linked with a slower decline of kidney function and a lower incidence of cardiovascular complications. Sodium levels were not associated with kidney or heart health during follow-up.

"For many individuals with diabetes, the most challenging part of a treatment plan is to determine what to eat. The results in our study highlight the importance of a diet high in in diabetes nutrition therapy," said Dr. Araki.


Story Source:

The above post is reprinted from materials provided by American Society of Nephrology. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. S.-i. Araki, M. Haneda, D. Koya, K. Kondo, S. Tanaka, H. Arima, S. Kume, J. Nakazawa, M. Chin-Kanasaki, S. Ugi, H. Kawai, H. Araki, T. Uzu, H. Maegawa. Urinary Potassium Excretion and Renal and Cardiovascular Complications in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes and Normal Renal Function. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 2015; DOI: 10.2215/CJN.00980115

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American Society of Nephrology. "Dietary potassium may help prevent kidney, heart problems in diabetics." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 13 November 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/11/151113050942.htm>.
American Society of Nephrology. (2015, November 13). Dietary potassium may help prevent kidney, heart problems in diabetics. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 28, 2016 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/11/151113050942.htm
American Society of Nephrology. "Dietary potassium may help prevent kidney, heart problems in diabetics." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/11/151113050942.htm (accessed August 28, 2016).