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Lifelong physical activity increases bone density in men

Date:
February 11, 2016
Source:
University of Missouri Health
Summary:
Men have many reasons to add high-impact and resistance training to their exercise regimens; these reasons include building muscle and shedding fat. Now a researcher has determined another significant benefit to these activities: building bone mass. The study found that individuals who continuously participated in high-impact activities, such as jogging and tennis, during adolescence and young adulthood, had greater hip and lumbar spine bone mineral density than those who did not.
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Men have many reasons to add high-impact and resistance training to their exercise regimens; these reasons include building muscle and shedding fat. Now a University of Missouri researcher has determined another significant benefit to these activities: building bone mass. The study found that individuals who continuously participated in high-impact activities, such as jogging and tennis, during adolescence and young adulthood, had greater hip and lumbar spine bone mineral density than those who did not.

"While osteoporosis is commonly associated with only post-menopausal women, it is, in fact, a serious issue for men as well," said Pamela Hinton, associate professor in the Department of Nutrition and Exercise Physiology in the MU College of Human Environmental Sciences. "Indeed, research has shown that the consequences of osteoporosis can be much worse for men, as they are less likely to be diagnosed and are at a greater mortality risk from fractures that occur as a result of a fall."

In studying factors that protect against osteoporosis for men, Hinton aimed to understand the connection between bone-loading exercise during adolescence and young adulthood when the skeleton is still growing and bone mass in middle age. In the study, Hinton analyzed data from the physical histories of 203 males aged 30-65 years. Participants' sports and exercise histories varied, both in type and level of activity, and the length of time spent doing various physical activities also differed.

Hinton's research found that exercise-associated bone loading during adolescence and young adulthood benefited bone density in adulthood. Moreover, she found that high-impact activity during growth and adulthood is an important determinant for bone health later in life.

"The most important take-away is that if you are healthy, it is never too late to begin high-impact activities or resistance training to improve bone mineral density," Hinton said. "While activity during skeletal growth is significant, we also saw positive associations between such physical activity and bone density at all ages. So even middle-aged men who spent their teenage years sitting on the couch could see benefits from beginning a bone-strengthening exercise program."

The study, "Physical activity-associated bone loading during adolescence and young adulthood is positively associated with adult bone mineral density in men," was published in the American Journal of Men's Health.


Story Source:

The above post is reprinted from materials provided by University of Missouri Health. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. M. A. Strope, P. Nigh, M. I. Carter, N. Lin, J. Jiang, P. S. Hinton. Physical Activity-Associated Bone Loading During Adolescence and Young Adulthood Is Positively Associated With Adult Bone Mineral Density in Men. American Journal of Men's Health, 2014; 9 (6): 442 DOI: 10.1177/1557988314549749

Cite This Page:

University of Missouri Health. "Lifelong physical activity increases bone density in men." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 11 February 2016. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/02/160211143112.htm>.
University of Missouri Health. (2016, February 11). Lifelong physical activity increases bone density in men. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 26, 2016 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/02/160211143112.htm
University of Missouri Health. "Lifelong physical activity increases bone density in men." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/02/160211143112.htm (accessed July 26, 2016).

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