Science News
from research organizations

The silencer: Study reveals how a cancer gene promotes tumor growth

Date:
June 23, 2016
Source:
Yale University
Summary:
A new study describes how a known cancer gene, EGFR, silences genes that typically suppress tumors. The finding may lead to the development of more effective, individualized treatment for patients with lung cancer and other cancer types.
Share:
FULL STORY

A Yale-led study describes how a known cancer gene, EGFR, silences genes that typically suppress tumors. The finding, published in Cell Reports, may lead to the development of more effective, individualized treatment for patients with lung cancer and other cancer types.

Mutations in the EGFR gene are linked to multiple cancer types, including cancers of the lung, brain, and breast. Yet scientists did not know precisely how EGFR represses genes that prevent cancers. The Yale team conducted multiple experiments and found that EGFR silences tumor suppressor genes in lung cancer and glioblastoma, a type of brain cancer.

"EGFR can target multiple unrelated tumor suppressor genes in different cancer types using a common mechanism," said senior author Narendra Wajapayee, assistant professor of pathology and a member of Yale Cancer Center. EGFR silences these genes by negatively regulating a protein called TET1, which is required to suppress tumors, he noted.

The finding informs the future direction of research and treatment of patients who don't respond or develop resistance to drugs that inhibit EGFR, he said. "It will also help determine how effective cancer therapies will be against different EGFR mutations."


Story Source:

Materials provided by Yale University. Original written by Ziba Kashef. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Narendra Wajapeyee et al. Oncogenic EGFR Represses the TET1 DNA Demethylase to Induce Silencing of Tumor Suppressors in Cancer Cells. Cell Reports, June 2016 DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2016.05.087

Cite This Page:

Yale University. "The silencer: Study reveals how a cancer gene promotes tumor growth." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 23 June 2016. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/06/160623122955.htm>.
Yale University. (2016, June 23). The silencer: Study reveals how a cancer gene promotes tumor growth. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 23, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/06/160623122955.htm
Yale University. "The silencer: Study reveals how a cancer gene promotes tumor growth." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/06/160623122955.htm (accessed May 23, 2017).

RELATED STORIES