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Study outlines framework for identifying disease risk in genome sequence

Date:
January 12, 2017
Source:
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Summary:
Imagine a day when you visit the doctor's office for your annual physical. Your physician orders routine tests -- cholesterol, glucose and blood count -- but they also order a sequence of your genome, all 3 billion letters of it. Routine genomic testing is not far away, according to researchers.
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This is Eric Boerwinkle, Ph.D., was senior author of the study.
Credit: Nash Baker

Imagine a day when you visit the doctor's office for your annual physical. Your physician orders routine tests -- cholesterol, glucose and blood count -- but they also order a sequence of your genome, all 3 billion letters of it. Routine genomic testing is not far away, according to researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth).

"Whole genome sequencing will become an integral part of routine medicine in the near future," said Eric Boerwinkle, Ph.D., dean, M. David Low Chair in Public Health and Kozmetsky Family Chair in Human Genetics at UTHealth School of Public Health.

To help physicians, patients and scientists process this incredible amount of data, Boerwinkle and his team of genetic researchers have developed a framework to understand how whole genome sequence data can be analyzed to identify genetic variations that raise or lower risk of disease. A paper on the framework was published in the American Journal of Human Genetics.

"The important aspect of this work is that it provides practical steps for scientists and physicians to help analyze whole genome sequences to identify differences that may be increasing disease risk or protecting certain individuals from diseases such as diabetes, cancer and heart disease," said Alanna Morrison, Ph.D., professor and chair of the Department of Epidemiology, Human Genetics and Environmental Sciences at the School of Public Health. Morrison was first author of the study.

In the paper, researchers sequenced the genomes of more than 3,000 people from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study and analyzed multiple traits related to heart and blood disease.

The framework they developed allowed them to examine different functional parts of the genome, including the genes that code for proteins and the portions of the genome that are used to control the expression of genes. "It allowed us to pull apart the different functional components of genome, which we couldn't access before comprehensively," said Morrison.

Through the framework, researchers were able to identify genes for blood lipid levels, white blood cell count and a molecule, troponin, which helps diagnose heart attacks.


Story Source:

Materials provided by University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Alanna C. Morrison et al. Practical Approaches for Whole-Genome Sequence Analysis of Heart- and Blood-Related Traits. American Journal of Human Genetics, January 2017 DOI: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2016.12.009

Cite This Page:

University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. "Study outlines framework for identifying disease risk in genome sequence." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 12 January 2017. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170112141316.htm>.
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. (2017, January 12). Study outlines framework for identifying disease risk in genome sequence. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 26, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170112141316.htm
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. "Study outlines framework for identifying disease risk in genome sequence." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170112141316.htm (accessed May 26, 2017).

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