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Sum of their parts: Researchers use math to foster environmental restoration

To address scale mismatch, researchers use analytic modeling to develop tools to foster coordination of resources

Date:
February 22, 2017
Source:
Utah State University
Summary:
Resource management boundaries seldom align with environmental systems, which can lead to scale mismatch or spatial misalignments. Researchers employ analytic modeling to counter this challenge and foster collaboration and efficient coordination of stakeholders' joint restoration efforts.
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Resource management boundaries seldom align with environmental systems, which can lead to scale mismatch or spatial misalignments. Researchers employ analytic modeling to counter this challenge and foster collaboration and efficient coordination of stakeholders' joint restoration efforts.

The oft-quoted proverb, "Too many cooks spoil the broth," is apt wisdom for describing challenges facing policy makers, public resource managers, ag producers, industry, residents and other stakeholders in attempts to jointly tackle major environmental restoration projects. The myriad of varied interests -- some conflicting; some aligning -- results in a confusing tangle of authority and responsibility.

"Resource management boundaries seldom align with environmental systems," says Utah State University researcher Jacopo Baggio. "This can lead to a variety of social and ecological problems."

But an answer to this struggle, known alternately as "scale mismatch" or "spatial misalignments," may lie in the power of math.

With colleague Jesse Sayles of McGill University, Baggio employed analytic modeling to unravel the confusion in a case study of estuary watershed restoration efforts in Washington's Puget Sound. The team reports development of quantitative tools to foster collaboration and efficient coordination of resources in the Feb. 20, 2017, Early Edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Their work is supported by the National Science Foundation.

Mapping and analyzing social networks among resource management organizations can identify how divergent groups work together and ease conflicts at local, state, regional and national levels, he says.

"The challenges facing Puget Sound, and areas around the world with similar challenges, are often the result of many small impacts," Sayles says. "Not all stakeholders get the direct burden of a particular ecosystem problem, nor do all receive equal benefits. Yet everyone affects the system."

Baggio and Sayles' approach, using social-ecological network analysis, illuminates network connections among stakeholders, revealing strengths and weaknesses in communication and collaboration.

"Integrating network analysis results with ecological habitat data provides a social-environmental restoration planning perspective," Sayles says. "This research can help policy makers allocate resources. It's a fundamental step toward addressing scale mismatch, while considering multi-level governance."


Story Source:

Materials provided by Utah State University. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Jesse S. Sayles, Jacopo A. Baggio. Social–ecological network analysis of scale mismatches in estuary watershed restoration. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2017; 201604405 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1604405114

Cite This Page:

Utah State University. "Sum of their parts: Researchers use math to foster environmental restoration: To address scale mismatch, researchers use analytic modeling to develop tools to foster coordination of resources." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 22 February 2017. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/02/170222215339.htm>.
Utah State University. (2017, February 22). Sum of their parts: Researchers use math to foster environmental restoration: To address scale mismatch, researchers use analytic modeling to develop tools to foster coordination of resources. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 25, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/02/170222215339.htm
Utah State University. "Sum of their parts: Researchers use math to foster environmental restoration: To address scale mismatch, researchers use analytic modeling to develop tools to foster coordination of resources." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/02/170222215339.htm (accessed May 25, 2017).

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