The court-ordered publication of "corrective statements" by major U.S. tobacco companies later this month should serve as a reminder that tobacco addiction remains a major health problem in the country and that Big Tobacco has a long history of marketing practices aimed at hooking a new generation on a lethal product, according to an editorial published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.
"Corrective Statements From the Tobacco Industry: More Evidence for Why We Need Effective Tobacco Control" recounts the legal history that led a federal court more than a decade ago to order major tobacco companies to take out advertisements in newspapers and on television that outline the scope of the health risk that cigarettes and second-hand smoke pose. After years of fighting the order in the courts, the tobacco industry will begin running these ads on Nov. 26.
Ruling in 2006 on a lawsuit brought by the U.S. Department of Justice against the tobacco industry under the Racketeering Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) Act, U.S. District Judge Gladys Kessler wrote, "Defendants have marketed and sold their lethal produce with zeal, with deception, with a single-minded focus on their financial success, and without regard for the human tragedy or social costs that success exacted."
As part of her landmark decision, Judge Kessler ordered the major tobacco companies to make corrective statements about the adverse health effects of smoking; the addictiveness of smoking and nicotine; the manipulation of cigarette ingredients to maximize nicotine delivery; the lack of health benefits from smoking light, mild, natural and other cigarette descriptors that imply less harm; and the dangers of secondhand smoke.
"All the statements draw on evidence-based findings from U.S. Surgeon General Reports on tobacco -- and on knowledge that the tobacco industry long had, but intentionally deceived the public about," said Harold J. Farber, MD, MSPH, lead author of the editorial, chair of the American Thoracic Society Tobacco Action Committee and associate professor of pediatrics at Baylor College of Medicine. "This is the first time that the tobacco companies are acknowledging the truth to the general public: tobacco is a product that is highly addictive and as a direct consequence of its design, kills people when used exactly as intended."
Among the statements that the cigarette manufacturers will be compelled to make on Nov. 26:
These statements are only being published in the U.S. In Southeast Asia and other parts of the world, the authors note that the tobacco industry is aggressively fighting tobacco control efforts and prohibitions against marketing to children.
"We know that efforts to tell the truth about tobacco have been effective in reducing rates of tobacco dependence," Dr. Farber said. "However, we need to go further."
The 2009 Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act gives the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) the authority to regulate tobacco products in order to protect the public health. Actions that they can take now include:
Unfortunately, the FDA has fallen short on their responsibilities," Dr. Farber said. "Despite extensive evidence of harm to youth, the FDA has deferred taking action on flavored tobacco products, failed to take action to limit tobacco marketing that is accessible to youth, and has fallen short on actions to regulate or restrict tobacco products whose design attracts and addicts youth."
Still, the editorial argues that the corrective statements are a "good first step" in renewed efforts to eliminate the biggest threat to public health. "Efforts to tell the truth about tobacco have been effective in reducing rates of tobacco dependence," the authors write. They add that the "simple measures" they recommend to thwart Big Tobacco's efforts to hook young people can help to protect our children from "the grim reality of the death and disease" caused by cigarettes and other tobacco products.
Find the report online at: http://www.thoracic.org/about/newsroom/press-releases/resources/tobacco-statements-editorial.pdf
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