Legal Issues News
February 13, 2016

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February 13, 2016

Better Definition Needed for Reasonable Medical Certainty in Child Abuse Cases

Feb. 10, 2016 — Physicians use different definitions of "reasonable medical certainty" when testifying as expert witnesses in child abuse cases. The variability is troubling because it could result in ... read more

Georgian Jailbirds and Celebrity Highwaymen Shaped Modern Britain

Jan. 29, 2016 — Eighteenth-century thieves, paupers, prostitutes and highwaymen helped shape the evolution of modern justice and welfare systems, according to new evidence uncovered by ... read more

Preventing Violent Extremism Requires New Police Programs, Report Finds

Jan. 14, 2016 — The U.S. strategy to prevent homegrown violent extremism through community policing holds promise, but faces significant challenges and needs reforms, according to a new report. Community policing ... read more

New Analyses Method Makes Increasing Rate of Violent Crime Visible

Jan. 13, 2016 — A new method of analyzing crime statistics finds that violent crime in England and Wales is increasing, not decreasing. They found the rate of domestic violence has been increasing since 2009. The ... read more

Bite-Mark Analysis Can Lead to False Convictions, Landmark Research Shows

Jan. 8, 2016 — Forensic science is a vital crime-fighting tool in today’s criminal justice system. But it can also lead to false convictions, according to an expert, whose study proves that bite-mark analysis is ... read more

Confidence Counts: Accuracy of Eyewitness IDs Increases With Degree of Certainty

Dec. 21, 2015 — Field study of police lineups suggests courts must pay attention to initial witness confidence ratings and police departments should continue using traditional, simultaneous ... read more

Dec. 18, 2015 — Policies aimed at protecting tropical forests in the Congo Basin may unexpectedly lead to increased deforestation and timber production, a new report ... read more

Dec. 17, 2015 — An evolutionary biologist has analyzed political opposition to evolution and found it has evolved. The researcher analyzed the text in anti-evolution legislation using software for building genetic ... read more

Public Still Against Life in the Internet 'Fast Lanes', National US Survey Finds

Dec. 17, 2015 — As a federal court considers new rules on Internet service, a study shows most people still oppose Internet “fast lanes.” The study also shows Americans are reluctant to give the federal ... read more

Dec. 9, 2015 — Forensic medicine has long employed molecular biology to link, for instance, tiny amounts of organic material to a suspect. Yet such methods are less useful when it comes to finding out which shot or ... read more

Eyewitness Identification Reforms Not Always Supported by Data

Dec. 9, 2015 — Motivated by hundreds of false convictions, many states and law enforcement agencies have reformed eyewitness identification procedures. Reforms that California adopted were based on solid science ... read more

Review of the Landscape Conservation Cooperatives

Dec. 3, 2015 — Because fish, wildlife, habitats, and cultural resources extend beyond political boundaries, there is a national need to develop resource management strategies across jurisdictions and sectors, says ... read more

Mental Health Courts Significantly Reduce Repeat Offenses, Jail Time

Dec. 3, 2015 — Mental health courts are effective at reducing repeat offending, and limiting related jail time, for people with mental health problems – especially those who also have substance use problems – ... read more

Dec. 1, 2015 — Between 1999 and 2013, there were 5,511 deaths by law enforcement, mostly among non-whites, a new study shows. During this 15-year period, there was a 45 percent net increase in deaths from legal ... read more

Threats Against Children During the Separation Process for Women in Abusive Relationships

Nov. 30, 2015 — Mothers who separate from their abusive partners are four times more likely to report threats to take or to harm their children than those who stay in the relationship, a new study has ... read more

Contact With Nature May Mean More Social Cohesion, Less Crime

Nov. 25, 2015 — In a first-of-its-kind study, an international team tested social correlates of both objective and subjective contact with nature in a systematic way, revealing complex linkages between nature, ... read more

New 'Party Pill' Test Could Help Authorities Keep Up With Trends in Drug (Ab)use

Nov. 25, 2015 — A new test for club drugs like ketamine can detect low levels of drugs in urine and plasma, making it faster, easier and cheaper to identify them. The authors of the study say it could give ... read more

Angler Education Can Benefit Sharks

Nov. 25, 2015 — Fisher education can help protect vulnerable shark populations, a new study has found. The research showed that recreational anglers were more supportive of shark management and conservation if they ... read more

Marked Decline in Retailer Compliance After Enactment of NYC's Tobacco 21 Law

Nov. 20, 2015 — In a study examining compliance with NYC's law increasing legal age for purchasing cigarettes from 18 to 21, researchers found retailer compliance with ID checks significantly decreased since ... read more

Gunshot Survivors in High-Crime Community Face Elevated Risk of Early Death, Study Shows

Nov. 18, 2015 — One in 20 survivors of gunshot violence in an urban area with high crime died within five years, mainly by homicide, according to the results of a study that tracked patients after they had been ... read more

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