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Helping dental retainers and aligners fight off bacteria

Date:
May 23, 2018
Source:
American Chemical Society
Summary:
Clear, plastic aligners have been growing in popularity as alternatives to bulky, metal braces. And once the teeth are straightened, patients graduate to plastic retainers to maintain the perfect smile. But these appliances can become contaminated, so one group is now reporting that they have developed a film to prevent bacteria from growing on them.
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Clear, plastic aligners have been growing in popularity as alternatives to bulky, metal braces. And once the teeth are straightened, patients graduate to plastic retainers to maintain the perfect smile. But these appliances can become contaminated, so one group is now reporting in ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces that they have developed a film to prevent bacteria from growing on them.

According to the American Association of Orthodontists, more than 5 million people seek orthodontic treatments each year. These procedures include braces and aligners, a set of plastic pieces that shift the teeth slightly over time, in an attempt to fix crowded jaws, over- and under-bites and improperly aligned teeth. Clear aligners or retainers, known collectively as clear overlay appliances (COAs) are made by taking a dental cast and using pressure or heat on a plastic sheet. But bacteria frequently build up on COAs as difficult-to-treat biofilms, and the plastics easily wear down. Scientists have turned to developing simple and affordable coatings to combat this. Drawing inspiration from super-hydrophilic antibacterial coatings on other medical devices, Hyo-Won Ahn, Jinkee Hong and colleagues wanted to see if they could make something similar for COAs in the unique oral environment.

The researchers took a polymer sheet made of polyethylene terephthalate that was modified with glycol (PETG) and layered films of carboxymethylcellulose and chitosan on it. This layered film created a super-hydrophilic surface, or a surface that loves water, that prevented bacteria from adhering. When PETG with the film was compared to the bare material, bacterial growth was reduced by 75 percent. The coated plastic also was stronger and more durable, even when tested with artificial saliva and various acidic solutions.


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Materials provided by American Chemical Society. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Sohyeon Park, Hyun-hye Kim, Seok Bin Yang, Ji-Hoi Moon, Hyo-Won Ahn, Jinkee Hong. A Polysaccharide-Based Antibacterial Coating with Improved Durability for Clear Overlay Appliances. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2018; DOI: 10.1021/acsami.8b04433

Cite This Page:

American Chemical Society. "Helping dental retainers and aligners fight off bacteria." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 23 May 2018. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/05/180523133250.htm>.
American Chemical Society. (2018, May 23). Helping dental retainers and aligners fight off bacteria. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 16, 2024 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/05/180523133250.htm
American Chemical Society. "Helping dental retainers and aligners fight off bacteria." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/05/180523133250.htm (accessed April 16, 2024).

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