New! Sign up for our free email newsletter.
Science News
from research organizations

Firearms are leading cause of death among U.S. youth

Funding urgently needed for research-based prevention efforts

Date:
May 27, 2022
Source:
Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago
Summary:
Firearms are now the leading cause of death for children and adolescents 0-19 years of age, with a staggering 83 percent increase in youth firearm fatalities over the past decade, according to a recent commentary. Nearly two-thirds of youth firearm deaths were from homicides. Strikingly, Black youth had an unprecedented 40 percent increase in firearm fatalities between 2019 to 2020.
Share:
FULL STORY

Firearms are now the leading cause of death for children and adolescents 0-19 years of age, with a staggering 83 percent increase in youth firearm fatalities over the past decade, according to a commentary published in Lancet Child and Adolescent Health. Nearly two-thirds of youth firearm deaths were from homicides. Strikingly, Black youth had an unprecedented 40 percent increase in firearm fatalities between 2019 to 2020.

These tragic statistics come in the wake of the elementary school shooting in Texas earlier this week, pointing to the urgent need to take action to prevent more youth from dying by firearms.

"We must reverse this deeply troubling and unacceptable trend in youth firearm fatalities, especially among youth of color," said co-author Karen Sheehan, MD, MPH, Pediatric Emergency Medicine physician and Medical Director of Patrick M. Magoon Institute for Healthy Communities at Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, and Professor of Pediatrics, Medical Education and Preventive Medicine at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. "We need more funding allocated to research-based prevention efforts so that we can save young lives before it's too late."

The authors also note that although firearm fatality rates started to rise in 2014, the dramatic societal upheaval of the COVID-19 pandemic likely accelerated this increase with the escalation of mental health stressors and existential despair experienced by youth. The seismic shift in youths' lives during the pandemic occurred in the context of a decades' long void of prevention efforts to decrease firearm injuries and deaths.

After Congress passed the Dickey Amendment in 1996, federal funding of firearm research was effectively halted, until 2019 when $25 million in research funding was appropriated. This pales in comparison to research funding for other pediatric diseases and does not meet the current needs to advance the field. Congress has continued to fund firearm research at this same level for the last three years, while studies estimate that $600 million should be appropriated in fiscal years 2022-2026 for data infrastructure and research funding for firearm injury prevention research.

"In addition to better understanding the risk and protective factors for firearm injuries and deaths, more funding is essential to develop, implement, and evaluate firearm injury prevention interventions at the individual, hospital, community, and policy levels," said co-author Samaa Kemal, MD, MPH, Pediatric Emergency Medicine Fellow at Lurie Children's.


Story Source:

Materials provided by Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Lois K Lee, Sofia Chaudhary, Samaa Kemal, Andrew Kiragu, Karen Sheehan, Eric W Fleegler. Addressing the void: firearm injury prevention in the USA. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, 2022; DOI: 10.1016/S2352-4642(22)00158-4

Cite This Page:

Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago. "Firearms are leading cause of death among U.S. youth." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 27 May 2022. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2022/05/220527085236.htm>.
Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago. (2022, May 27). Firearms are leading cause of death among U.S. youth. ScienceDaily. Retrieved March 3, 2024 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2022/05/220527085236.htm
Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago. "Firearms are leading cause of death among U.S. youth." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2022/05/220527085236.htm (accessed March 3, 2024).

Explore More
from ScienceDaily

RELATED STORIES