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A large percentage of European plastic sent to Vietnam ends up in nature

Date:
January 24, 2024
Source:
Utrecht University
Summary:
Despite strict EU regulations on plastic recycling, there is little oversight on plastic waste shipped from the EU to Vietnam. A large percentage of the exported European plastic cannot be recycled and gets dumped in nature, according to recent research.
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Despite strict EU regulations on plastic recycling, there is little oversight on plastic waste shipped from the EU to Vietnam. A large percentage of the exported European plastic cannot be recycled and gets dumped in nature. That is what new research led by Utrecht University's Kaustubh Thapa has found.

Following the recycling path

About half of Europe's plastic waste is exported to a number of countries in the Global South, including Vietnam. A Dutch and Vietnamese research team ventured to Minh Khai Craft Village, the largest recycling hub in Vietnam, to follow the recycling path of European plastic.

Shifting responsibilities

"We observed people cooking, eating and living within the recycling facility, surrounded by the noxious fumes of melting plastic. Children play in this suffocating environment," Kaustubh Thapa, lead researcher, recounts. According to the research, seven million litres of toxic wastewater is dumped into the waterways of the village daily. "Although such waste trade is profitable for some, shifting producer responsibility of waste management to villages like these causes harm to people, communities and the environment."

Striking contrast

Currently, UN negotiations for an international plastics treaty are ongoing. Thapa's new research shows the striking contrast between Vietnamese and European policies and the realities in recycling hubs in the Global South. "European consumers make an effort to separate recycling, yet we can clearly see that their efforts are, for a considerable percentage, in vain," says Thapa. He adds, "focusing on increasing recycling rates in the EU without systematically tackling the associated human and environmental harm throughout the entire value chain is neither ethical, circular or sustainable."

Tackling the problem

The researchers are not without hope: they believe that outsourcing plastic waste for recycling is possible in a sustainable way. "The European Green New Deal, its Circular Economy Actions Plan and the ongoing UN talks around a legally binding Global Plastics Treaty cannot ignore our findings. As we consume more and more, and thus generate more waste, waste trade for recycling must be tackled on a systematic level," Thapa concludes.


Story Source:

Materials provided by Utrecht University. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Kaustubh Thapa, Walter J. V. Vermeulen, Mo Ming De Waal, Pauline Deutz, Hồng Quân Nguyễn. Towards a Just Circular Economy Transition: the Case of European Plastic Waste Trade to Vietnam for Recycling. Circular Economy and Sustainability, 2024; DOI: 10.1007/s43615-023-00330-w

Cite This Page:

Utrecht University. "A large percentage of European plastic sent to Vietnam ends up in nature." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 24 January 2024. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/01/240124132801.htm>.
Utrecht University. (2024, January 24). A large percentage of European plastic sent to Vietnam ends up in nature. ScienceDaily. Retrieved February 25, 2024 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/01/240124132801.htm
Utrecht University. "A large percentage of European plastic sent to Vietnam ends up in nature." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/01/240124132801.htm (accessed February 25, 2024).

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