Ethics News
May 3, 2016

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updated 2:06pm EDT

More Ethics News
May 3, 2016

Exempt from Passenger Restraint Laws, Taxis Pose Risky Rides for Small Children

Apr. 30, 2016 — The vast majority of small children riding in taxis are not restrained in car safety seats, according to new research, even though there are tens of thousands of motor vehicle collisions involving ... read more

Polarization May Cause Climate Communication to Backfire

Apr. 27, 2016 — Political polarization may cause communication about climate change to backfire, a new study finds. Even efforts that frame climate change around seemingly win-win issues such as economic growth or ... read more

Weighing the Pros and Cons of Mental-Health Apps

Apr. 26, 2016 — There are more than 165,000 mobile applications available for health care, with the largest category for people with mental-health disorders, managing everything from addiction to depression and ... read more

Child Homicide: Speaking of the Unspeakable

Apr. 26, 2016 — New estimates suggest that homicide could be responsible for just over 1 percent of all neonatal deaths in South Africa. Together with other studies reporting on child homicide from other countries, ... read more

Framing Discourse Around Conservative Values Shifts Climate Change Attitudes

Apr. 25, 2016 — Conservatives' attitudes toward climate change and other environmental concerns shift when the issues are reframed in terms more closely aligned with their values, a new study ... read more

Global Snapshot of Indigenous Peoples Health Released

Apr. 21, 2016 — A world-first study into the health and wellbeing of more than 154 million indigenous and tribal people globally reveals the extent of work that needs to be done if the United Nations is to meet its ... read more

International Law Fails to Protect Pregnant Women in War Zones, Argue Doctors

Apr. 20, 2016 — Deaths from violent conflict and lack of available care are major causes of mortality among pregnant women in war zones, warn doctors in a new ... read more

Screening Young Athletes to Prevent Sudden Cardiac Arrest Not Proven to Save Lives

Apr. 20, 2016 — Young athletes should not undergo screening to prevent sudden cardiac arrest because it is not proven to save lives, suggests an analysis of the available evidence, adding that the harms outweigh any ... read more

Improvements in NHS Mental Health Care in England May Have Helped to Reduce Suicide Rates

Apr. 20, 2016 — Increasing specialist community services like crisis resolution, helping make the transition to adult services smoother for young people, and implementing clinical guidelines are just some of the ... read more

Eco-Friendly Store Brands Are a 'Win-Win-Win Situation'

Apr. 20, 2016 — Profits for store brands can increase if companies couple ethical marketing with higher prices, new research indicates. However, the researchers also found that consumers' evaluations of store ... read more

Transgender College Students at Higher Risk for Suicide Attempts After Denial of Access to Bathrooms, Appropriate Housing, Study Finds

Apr. 19, 2016 — Transgender university and college students are at a significantly higher risk for suicide attempts when their campus experience includes denial of access to bathrooms and gender-appropriate campus ... read more

Religious Rhetoric Not Helpful in Anti-Alcohol Messages

Apr. 19, 2016 — Does including a religious message in a public service announcement warning of the dangers of alcohol use make a difference to the viewer, especially if that person lives in a Middle Eastern country ... read more

Nursing Home Ownership

Apr. 19, 2016 — Given evidence from observational studies that publicly funded care delivered in for-profit facilities is inferior to care delivered in public or non-profit facilities, the precautionary principle ... read more

Researchers Find a Fast Road out of Poverty

Apr. 19, 2016 — New research has measured the 'wealth effect' of upgrading the infrastructure in poorer sections of cities. Revamps, such as surfacing roads and joining them to the city grid, dramatically ... read more

Society Deemed Fairer by Individuals Given the Smallest Chance to Improve Their Lot

Apr. 19, 2016 — Researchers look at procedural fairness and find that people are generally more willing to accept unequal outcomes if they have been achieved by what they perceive as fair means, even where the means ... read more

Medicaid Expansion Significantly Boosts Insurance Coverage Among Low-Income Adults

Apr. 19, 2016 — States that expanded Medicaid coverage under the Affordable Care Act saw a significant increase in rates of health insurance among low-income adults compared with states that did not expand the ... read more

Gun Hunting Could Lead to Extinction of Threatened Primates on African Island

Apr. 18, 2016 — Gun hunting on Bioko Island correlates significantly with lower numbers of the majority of the island's primate species, a new study ... read more

Natural Disasters Since 1900: Over 8 Million Deaths, 7 Trillion US Dollars

Apr. 18, 2016 — More than seven trillion US dollars economic damage and eight million deaths via natural disasters since the start of the 20th century. These figures have been calculated using a database called ... read more

Apr. 18, 2016 — More than half of adults believe children today are more stressed, experience less quality family time and have worse mental and emotional health than children in past ... read more

Don't Count on Strangers in Medical Emergencies, Especially If You're African-American

Apr. 14, 2016 — In the first study of its kind, sociologists have found that people who have a medical emergency in a public place can't necessarily rely on the kindness of strangers. Only 2.5 percent of ... read more

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