Ethics News
April 27, 2017

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April 27, 2017

Political Left, Right Similarly Motivated to Avoid Rival Views

Apr. 25, 2017 — People on both sides of the political aisle are similarly motivated to dismiss monetary enticements in order to distance themselves from hearing or reading opposing ideals and information, new ... read more

Improving Response to Toxic Inhalation Disasters

Apr. 21, 2017 — Better medical responses to the accidental or intentional release of inhaled toxic chemicals are being developed, but the field faces considerable challenges, according to a new report by an ... read more

Apr. 18, 2017 — Maintaining the yards of vacant properties helps reduce crime rates in urban neighborhoods, indicates a new study that's the most comprehensive to ... read more

Post-SARS, Infection Rates in China Have Steadied, but Fast-Growing and Common Infections Now Need Attention

Apr. 12, 2017 — Following the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003, China stepped up its prevention and control methods for all infectious diseases, and rates of infection have leveled off since ... read more

Wide Variability in Coroner Decision-Making Around Investigating Deaths

Apr. 10, 2017 — Coroners in England and Wales don't seem able to agree on what caused a person's death or whether the death merits an inquest or not -- despite being faced with identical case information ... read more

Why Do Some With Radical Views Become Terrorists Yet Others Don't?

Apr. 6, 2017 — Since most people who hold radical views do not become terrorists, what are the factors that drive some to violent extremism? Is there a connection between mental illness and terrorist involvement? ... read more

Apr. 5, 2017 — Multinational companies are increasingly looking to Africa to expand production of in-demand commodity crops such as soy and oil palm. A first-of-its-kind study highlights the real and potential ... read more

Apr. 5, 2017 — A new study demonstrates that human infants recognize heroic acts from early stages of development, suggesting that our sense of justice -- and likewise, adoration for heroes -- is innate. The ... read more

Why We Prefer to Be Fired by an Individual Than by a Committee

Mar. 29, 2017 — Decision-making is a crucial aspect of organizational life, and we know quite a lot about how group and individual decisions are made. Less is known, however, about how these decisions are received, ... read more

Mar. 28, 2017 — Researchers have developed an online tool that incorporates 21 years of night-time lights data to understand and compare changes in human activities in countries around the ... read more

More Compulsory Math Lessons Do Not Encourage Women to Pursue STEM Careers

Mar. 28, 2017 — What is known as "curriculum intensification" is often used around the world to attract more university entrants -- and particularly more women -- to STEM subjects; that is to say, students ... read more

Children, Youth Born in Canada at Higher Risk of Unintentional Gun Injury Than Immigrants

Mar. 27, 2017 — Children and youth born in Canada are at higher risk of unintentional injury from guns compared with immigrant children and youth, although certain subgroups of immigrants and refugees are at higher ... read more

Most Remaining Smokers in US Have Low Socioeconomic Status

Mar. 24, 2017 — After decades of declining US smoking rates overall, most remaining smokers have low income, no college education, no health insurance or a disability. About 15 percent of US adults -- more than 36 ... read more

Mar. 21, 2017 — Transmission of infections with HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis or rubella from mother to child before and during birth as well as in infancy still occur across Europe -- despite existing prevention ... read more

How Can a Legally Binding Agreement on Human Cloning Be Established?

Mar. 21, 2017 — Since Dolly the Sheep was cloned, the question of whether human reproductive cloning should be banned or pursued has been the subject of international debate. Researchers argue that a robust global ... read more

Abortion Restriction May Have New Momentum After 40 Years of Pervading Policy

Mar. 20, 2017 — Originally a single-sentence prohibition on Medicaid funding for abortion, the Hyde Amendment has provided the blueprint for ever-expanding prohibitions on public expenditure for the ... read more

Unforeseen Impacts of the Fair Trade Movement

Mar. 20, 2017 — Fair trade certified coffee is the kind of phrase that sounds good on a Whole Foods shelf, merging first world affluence with third world resource. For the average consumer, it implies fairness in ... read more

For a Modest Personality Trait, 'Intellectual Humility' Packs a Punch

Mar. 17, 2017 — 'Intellectual humility' has been something of a wallflower among personality traits, receiving far less attention than such brash qualities as egotism or hostility. Yet this little-studied ... read more

'Do No Harm' Vs 'Legitimate Use of Force'

Mar. 16, 2017 — Bioethicists study whether health professionals in the Canadian Armed Forces can abide by two ethics codes, civilian and ... read more

Water Conservation Messaging Effectiveness During California's Ongoing Drought

Mar. 16, 2017 — The results of a state-wide study on the communication campaigns California has been employing to address its ongoing drought. The study looked at current message strategies aimed to reduce ... read more

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