Ethics News
May 31, 2016

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updated 6:36am EDT

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May 31, 2016

Confidence: How Has It Achieved ‘cult’ Status in the 21st Century?

May 20, 2016 — How has the notion of ‘confidence’ infiltrated consumer body culture and discussions about gender and work? Researchers pitch the idea that there is a new "cult(ure) of confidence" in ... read more

May 19, 2016 — In a first-of-its kind study, scientists have found that a majority of professors teaching biology in Arizona universities do not believe that helping students accept the theory of evolution is an ... read more

Confidence in Iron Dome, Coupled With Resilience, Can Reduce PTSD Symptoms

May 19, 2016 — Belief in the success of the Iron Dome air defense system, coupled with a strong sense of resilience (an inner trait that results in positive adaptation to trauma), can reduce post-traumatic stress ... read more

May 17, 2016 — Ecologists have set up camera traps in Africa. The images will help wildlife authorities in Botswana to target their conservation work more ... read more

May 16, 2016 — If weeds were allowed to grow with no control measures, about half of corn and soybean crops across the United States and Canada would be lost, costing growers about $43 billion annually, says a team ... read more

Healthy Eating Gets No Boost After Corner Store Interventions, Study Finds

May 16, 2016 — While many government, community and private interventions look at local corner and convenience stores as prime areas to stoke healthy eating, a new study found that even two years after such an ... read more

Canada's Plans to Legalize Marijuana Contravene UN's International Conventions, Say Experts

May 16, 2016 — The Canadian government's plan to legalize marijuana contravenes its current legal obligations to the United Nation's international drug-control conventions, states a new expert ... read more

May 16, 2016 — Women who attended religious services more than once per week were more than 30 percent less likely to die during a 16-year-follow-up than women who never attended, according to a new study. Frequent ... read more

American Cancer Society Report Assesses Progress Against Goals Set for Nation

May 13, 2016 — A new report assesses how the nation fared against the ambitious challenge goal set by the American Cancer Society to reduce the cancer death rates by 50 percent over 25 years ending in ... read more

Nationality Is Not a Good Indicator of Work-Related Cultural Values

May 13, 2016 — Researchers and businesses have often operated under the idea that work-related cultural values are defined by country -- just think of stereotypes about countries that are known to have hard workers ... read more

Girls from Progressive Societies Do Better at Math, Study Finds

May 13, 2016 — New research shows that the performance gap between girls and boys is far less pronounced in societies that hold progressive and egalitarian views about the role of ... read more

US Patients Face Significant Barriers in Accessing Adequate Care for Chronic Lung Disease

May 13, 2016 — Despite being the third leading cause of death in the USA, people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (lung disease) face significant challenges in accessing care, with treatment costs ... read more

Migrant Money Puts Aid in the Shade

May 12, 2016 — International remittances have poverty and inequality-reducing effects in Sub-Saharan Africa, new research suggests. The results suggest that a 10% increase in remittances as share of gross domestic ... read more

Abortion Rates at All-Time Low in Developed Countries but Remain Unchanged in Developing Countries

May 11, 2016 — Abortion rates have declined significantly over the last 25 years in developed countries and are at a historic low. But in developing countries, where many abortions are unsafe, rates have remained ... read more

May 11, 2016 — While heart attack rates across all income levels have declined significantly over the last 15 years, people living in low-income communities are still more likely to be hospitalized for acute ... read more

Interventional Policies and Practices Needed to Prevent Bullying and Its Harm

May 10, 2016 — Bullying is a serious public health problem, with significant short- and long-term psychological consequences for both the targets and perpetrators of such behavior, and requires a commitment to ... read more

May 9, 2016 — A new study provides empirical evidence for the mistrust and erosion of social capital that exists in regions worldwide due to witchcraft ... read more

Opinions on Fracking Linked to Political Persuasion, Says New Study

May 9, 2016 — A person's opinion on fracking can be predicted by their political ideology, according to a new study. The researchers found that politically conservative people are more likely to be in favour ... read more

National Study Casts Doubt on Higher Weekend Death Rate, Proposals for Seven-Day Hospital Services

May 6, 2016 — A new analysis of all patients across England receiving emergency hospital care has shown that, contrary to popular belief, fewer patients die after being admitted to hospital at the weekend compared ... read more

Prostate Cancer Screening Guidelines Called Into Question

May 5, 2016 — Researchers discuss their findings related to PSA screening, and urge reconsideration of prostate cancer screening after finding critical flaw in landmark ... read more

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