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Alpine Fault

The Alpine Fault is a geological fault, known as a right-lateral strike-slip fault, that runs almost the entire length of New Zealand's South Island.

It forms a transform boundary between the Pacific Plate and the Indo-Australian Plate.

Earthquakes along the fault, and the associated earth movements, have formed the Southern Alps.

Note:   The above text is excerpted from the Wikipedia article "Alpine Fault", which has been released under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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