Scurvy is a deficiency disease that results from lack of vitamin C, which is required for correct collagen synthesis in humans.
The scientific name of vitamin C, ascorbic acid, is derived from the latin name of scurvy, scorbutus.
Scurvy leads to the formation of liver spots on the skin, spongy gums, and bleeding from all mucous membranes.
The spots are most abundant on the thighs and legs, and a person with the ailment looks pale, feels depressed, and is partially immobilized.
Scurvy was at one time common among sailors and others who were on ships, whose ships were out to sea longer than perishable fruits and vegetables could be stored and by soldiers who were similarly separated from these foods for extended periods.