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Gooda, Gouda! Solving The 800-year-old Secret Of A Big Cheese

Date:
March 13, 2009
Source:
American Chemical Society
Summary:
Almost 800 years after farmers in the village of Gouda in Holland first brought a creamy new cheese to market, scientists in Germany say they have cracked the secret of Gouda's good taste. They have identified the key protein subunits, or peptides, responsible for the complex, long-lasting flavor of the popular cheese.

Scientists have identified key substances that give Gouda its complex taste.
Credit: iStockphoto/Roberto Adrian

Almost 800 years after farmers in the village of Gouda in Holland first brought a creamy new cheese to market, scientists in Germany say they have cracked the secret of Gouda's good taste. They have identified the key protein subunits, or peptides, responsible for the complex, long-lasting flavor of the popular cheese.

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That discovery could lead to development of more flavorful cheeses and other dairy products. Their study is in the current issue of ACS' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, a bi-weekly publication.

Thomas Hofmann, Simone Toelstede and Andreas Dunkel note that the scientists have tried for years to pinpoint the natural molecules responsible for the long-lasting taste and wonderful texture of Gouda cheese. It develops during the aging or ripening stage, with aged Gouda more full and complex, with longer-lasting flavor, than the younger version. Cheese lovers prize this characteristic taste, known as the "kokumi sensation."

The scientists solved the age-old mystery by applying a molecular sensory science approach. It combined mass spectroscopy and other high-tech analytical instruments and sophisticated sensory tools to identify six gamma-glutamyl peptides that appear to be mainly responsible for the kokumi sensation in Gouda. This knowledge could be used to enhance the flavor of dairy products by technological means, the researchers say.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Chemical Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Toelstede et al. A Series of Kokumi Peptides Impart the Long-Lasting Mouthfulness of Matured Gouda Cheese. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2009; 57 (4): 1440 DOI: 10.1021/jf803376d

Cite This Page:

American Chemical Society. "Gooda, Gouda! Solving The 800-year-old Secret Of A Big Cheese." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 13 March 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/03/090309223307.htm>.
American Chemical Society. (2009, March 13). Gooda, Gouda! Solving The 800-year-old Secret Of A Big Cheese. ScienceDaily. Retrieved March 30, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/03/090309223307.htm
American Chemical Society. "Gooda, Gouda! Solving The 800-year-old Secret Of A Big Cheese." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/03/090309223307.htm (accessed March 30, 2015).

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