Forestry is the art, science, and practice of studying and managing forests and plantations, and related natural resources.
Silviculture, a related science, involves the growing and tending of trees and forests.
Modern forestry generally concerns itself with assisting forests to provide timber as raw material for wood products; wildlife habitat; natural water quality regulation; recreation; landscape and community protection; employment; aesthetically appealing landscapes; and a 'sink' for atmospheric carbon dioxide.
A practitioner of forestry is known as a forester.
Forests have come to be seen as one of the most important components of the biosphere, and forestry has emerged as a vital field of science, applied art, and technology.
Foresters may be employed by industry, government agencies, conservation groups, urban parks boards, citizens' associations, or private landowners.
Industrial foresters are predominantly involved in planning the timber harvests and forest regeneration.