The quality of CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) you receive may vary, depending on the EMS department or hospital administering it, according to the American Heart Association.
In a statement published in its journal Circulation, the association calls for a renewed focus on improving resuscitation techniques and tracking.
"There have been huge advances in CPR and there's no question that high-quality CPR saves lives," said Peter Meaney, M.D., M.P.H., lead author of the statement and assistant professor of anesthesia and critical care at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. "However, right now there is wide variability in the quality of CPR -- and we can do better."
Each year in the United States, more than a half-million children and adults suffer cardiac arrest, but survival rates vary significantly: 3 percent to 16 percent for arrests outside of hospitals and 12 percent to 22 percent in hospitals, authors said.
In the statement, the association urges professional rescuers to:
"Cardiac arrest is a chaotic event and sometimes we lose track of the fact that high-quality CPR is the cornerstone of resuscitation," Meaney said.
To help ensure that CPR providers stay focused on quality of care, the statement also advises:
Organizations that provide CPR need quality improvement programs, and can start by monitoring one measurement, Meaney said.
"If we focus on improving CPR quality we can save lives. We always need to be better, always need to be pushing the needle, because lives are at stake," he said.
The CPR Improvement Working Group (Laerdal Medical, Philips Healthcare, ZOLL Medical Group) funded the CPR Quality Summit, which contributed to the statement's development.
Co-authors are Bentley J. Bobrow, M.D.; Mary E. Mancini, R.N., Ph.D., N.E.-B.C.; Jim Christenson, M.D.; Allan R. de Caen, M.D.; Farhan Bhanji, M.D., M.Sc.; Benjamin S. Abella, M.D., M.Phil.; Monica E. Kleinman, M.D.; Dana P. Edelson, M.D., M.S.; Robert A. Berg, M.D.; Tom P. Aufderheide, M.D.; Venu Menon, M.D. and Marion Leary, M.S.N., R.N. on behalf of the CPR Quality Summit Investigators.
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