Hispanic women are significantly more likely to have a baby with a neural tube birth defect, and nearly a quarter of all preterm births in the United States are Hispanic, according to a new report from the March of Dimes.
Thalia, a global ambassador for the March of Dimes, and Latin Grammy Award-winning artist and mother of two young children, is lending her voice to get the word out to Hispanic women about important pregnancy health information and resources available to them.
"I supported this mission even before I became a mom because I appreciate the work the March of Dimes does to improve the health of all babies. I am proud to help with their efforts to focus attention on Latina health. We want women to know that there are things we can do to protect ourselves and our babies, like taking a multivitamin with folic acid before and during pregnancy. There's nothing more important than the health of our babies," says Thalia.
Thalia joined Diana Ramos MD, MPH, professor at Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, and co-chair of the newly established March of Dimes Hispanic Advisory Council, to speak at a March of Dimes educational luncheon today called Salud: What Hispanic Moms Need to Know to Have a Healthy Baby. They discussed the health risks Hispanic women face and steps they can take to help give their babies a healthy start in life.
"Planning, prenatal care, perpetuating healthy behaviors, are first steps to having a healthy baby. Daily folic acid to prevent birth defects in the baby and a healthy weight are part of planning," said Dr. Ramos. "Early prenatal care can identify any potential problems. Once you have your baby, continuing the healthy pregnancy behaviors can help you stay healthy and keep your family healthy."
A greater proportion of Hispanic women have babies each year than any other racial or ethnic group in the U. S., making this population the fastest-growing ethnic group in the country. Although there is great diversity among Hispanic women, there are several health concerns that are common among them, the March of Dimes report says. Babies born to Hispanic women are significantly more likely to have serious birth defects of the brain and spine known as neural tube defects (NTDs). While this disparity is not well understood, one reason may be that Hispanic women have a lower intake of folic acid. In the U. S., wheat flour is fortified with folic acid, but corn masa flour is not. Hispanic women are less likely to report taking a multivitamin containing folic acid prior to pregnancy.
In addition, although the preterm birth rate for all ethnicities in the U. S. is declining, the Hispanic preterm birth is improving at a slower rate -- meaning the gap between Hispanic and white preterm birth rates is growing.
Nationwide, nearly half a million babies are born too soon each year. The U. S. preterm birth rate peaked in 2006 at 12.8 percent. It declined to 11.5 percent in 2012, a 10 percent improvement. Hispanic babies account for nearly one out of every four babies born preterm in the United States.
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