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Making robots more human: Wearable sensors read human facial expressions

Date:
April 29, 2015
Source:
American Chemical Society
Summary:
Most people are naturally adept at reading facial expressions -- from smiling and frowning to brow-furrowing and eye-rolling -- to tell what others are feeling. Now scientists have developed ultra-sensitive, wearable sensors that can do the same thing. Their technology could help robot developers make their machines more human.
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From joy to sadness, surprise to boredom, facial expressions could soon be decipherable to robots.
Credit: © Shakzu / Fotolia

Most people are naturally adept at reading facial expressions -- from smiling and frowning to brow-furrowing and eye-rolling -- to tell what others are feeling. Now scientists have developed ultra-sensitive, wearable sensors that can do the same thing. Their technology, reported in the journal ACS Nano, could help robot developers make their machines more human.

Nae-Eung Lee and colleagues note that one way to make interactions between people and robots more intuitive would be to endow machines with the ability to read their users' emotions and respond with a computer version of empathy. Most current efforts toward this goal analyze a person's feelings using visual sensors that can tell a smile from a frown, for example. But these systems are expensive, highly complex and don't pick up on subtle eye movements, which are important in human expression. Lee's team wanted to make simple, low-cost sensors to detect facial movements, including slight changes in gaze.

The researchers created a stretchable and transparent sensor by layering a carbon nanotube film on two different kinds of electrically conductive elastomers. They found it could tell whether subjects were laughing or crying and where they were looking. In addition to applications in robotics, the sensors could be used to monitor heartbeats, breathing, dysphagia (difficulty swallowing) and other health-related cues.


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Materials provided by American Chemical Society. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Eun Roh, Byeong-Ung Hwang, Doil Kim, Bo-Yeong Kim, Nae-Eung Lee. Stretchable, Transparent, Ultrasensitive, and Patchable Strain Sensor for Human–Machine Interfaces Comprising a Nanohybrid of Carbon Nanotubes and Conductive Elastomers. ACS Nano, 2015; 150416141922007 DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.5b01613

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American Chemical Society. "Making robots more human: Wearable sensors read human facial expressions." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 29 April 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/04/150429101044.htm>.
American Chemical Society. (2015, April 29). Making robots more human: Wearable sensors read human facial expressions. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 26, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/04/150429101044.htm
American Chemical Society. "Making robots more human: Wearable sensors read human facial expressions." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/04/150429101044.htm (accessed May 26, 2017).

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