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iPSCs show promise for kidney treatment

Date:
July 21, 2015
Source:
Center for iPS Cell Research and Application - Kyoto University
Summary:
Renal progenitor cells derived from human iPS cells were shown to have therapeutic effects when transplanted into acute kidney injury model mice. The transplants resulted in a significant reduction of fibrosis, suggesting that they may have preventative measures against chronic kidney disease. The positive effects were attributed to the secretion of renoprotective factors. Using this iPS cell model to identify these factors could lead to new drug candidates.
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One promising way to treat diseased or damaged kidneys is cell therapies that include the transplantation of renal progenitor cells, which can then develop into the cells needed for full recovery. Acquiring a sufficient number of progenitor cells has been difficult, however, which is why scientists have considered induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), since they can be expanded at significantly high levels and then differentiated into the progenitors.

In the ideal situation, renal progenitors would be transplanted directly into the kidney parenchyma, but this is never a simple problem. "The kidney is a very solid organ, which makes it very difficult to bring enough number of cells upon transplantation," explains Professor Kenji Osafune, whose lab at the Center for iPS Cell Research and Application (CiRA) at Kyoto University, Japan, is using iPSCs to investigate new treatments for kidney disease. In fact, few studies have managed to transplant the adequate number for treatment.

In a new study in collaboration with Astellas Pharma Inc., the research team led by Osafune showed a circumventive solution. They instead transplanted iPSC-derived renal progenitors into the kidney subcapsule, which is at the kidney surface of a mouse model with acute kidney injury. Even though the transplanted cells never integrated with the host, mice that received this transplant showed better recovery, including less necrosis and fibrosis, compared with mice that received transplants of other cell types. One reason that Osafune attributed to this improvement was the use of cells that expressed Osr1 and Six2. Although these two factors are known markers of renal progenitors, until now researchers had not exclusively used cells that expressed both for cell therapies.

Another conclusion from the study was that because the cells did not integrate into the kidney, their therapeutic effects were the result of paracrine actions that included the secretion of key renoprotective factors. While most stem cell therapies aim for integration, these findings could have important clinical implications. Foremost is that it is one of the first to show the benefits of using human iPS cell-derived renal lineage cells for cell therapy. Second, fibrosis is a marker of progression to chronic kidney disease, suggesting that the paracrine effects could act as preventative therapy for other serious ailments. Finally, Osafune believes these effects could give clues for drug discovery. "There is no medication for acute kidney injury. If we can identify the paracrine factor, maybe it will lead to a drug."


Story Source:

Materials provided by Center for iPS Cell Research and Application - Kyoto University. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Takafumi Toyohara, Shin-Ichi Mae, Shin-Ichi Sueta, Tatsuyuki Inoue, Yukiko Yamagishi, Tatsuya Kawamoto, Tomoko Kasahara, Azusa Hoshina, Taro Toyoda, Hiromi Tanaka, Toshikazu Araoka, Aiko Sato-Otsubo, Kazutoshi Takahashi, Yasunori Sato, Noboru Yamaji, Seishi Ogawa, Shinya Yamanaka and Kenji Osafune. Cell therapy using human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived renal progenitors ameliorates acute kidney injury in mice. Stem Cells Translational Medicine, July 2015 DOI: 10.5966/sctm.2014-0219

Cite This Page:

Center for iPS Cell Research and Application - Kyoto University. "iPSCs show promise for kidney treatment." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 21 July 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/07/150721111215.htm>.
Center for iPS Cell Research and Application - Kyoto University. (2015, July 21). iPSCs show promise for kidney treatment. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 28, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/07/150721111215.htm
Center for iPS Cell Research and Application - Kyoto University. "iPSCs show promise for kidney treatment." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/07/150721111215.htm (accessed May 28, 2017).

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