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Self-assembling, biomimetic membranes may aid water filtration

Date:
July 31, 2015
Source:
Penn State
Summary:
A synthetic membrane that self assembles and is easily produced may lead to better gas separation, water purification, drug delivery and DNA recognition, according to an international team of researchers.
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An artificial analogue of the water channel protein, aquaporin, was shown to have permeabilities approaching that of aquaporins and carbon nanotubes. They also arrange in tight two dimensional arrays.
Credit: Karl Decker / University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and Yuexiao Shen / Penn State

A synthetic membrane that self assembles and is easily produced may lead to better gas separation, water purification, drug delivery and DNA recognition, according to an international team of researchers.

This biomimetic membrane is composed of lipids -- fat molecules -- and protein-appended molecules that form water channels that transfer water at the rate of natural membranes, and self-assembles into 2-dimensional structures with parallel channels.

"Nature does things very efficiently and transport proteins are amazing machines present in biological membranes," said Manish Kumar, assistant professor of chemical engineering, Penn State. "They have functions that are hard to replicate in synthetic systems."

The researchers developed a second-generation synthetic water channel that improves on earlier attempts to mimic aquaporins -- natural water channel proteins -- by being more stable and easier to manufacture. The peptide-appended pillar[5]arenes (PAP) are also more easily produced and aligned than carbon nanotubes, another material under investigation for membrane separation. Kumar and co-authors report their development in a recent issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science.

"We were surprised to see transport rates approaching the 'holy grail' number of a billion water molecules per channel per second," said Kumar. "We also found that these artificial channels like to associate with each other in a membrane to make 2-dimentional arrays with a very high pore density."

The researchers consider that the PAP membranes are an order of magnitude better than the first-generation artificial water channels reported to date. The propensity for these channels to automatically form densely packed arrays leads to a variety of engineering applications.

"The most obvious use of these channels is perhaps to make highly efficient water purification membranes," said Kumar.


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Materials provided by Penn State. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Yue-xiao Shen, Wen Si, Mustafa Erbakan, Karl Decker, Rita De Zorzi, Patrick O. Saboe, You Jung Kang, Sheereen Majd, Peter J. Butler, Thomas Walz, Aleksei Aksimentiev, Jun-li Hou, Manish Kumar. Highly permeable artificial water channels that can self-assemble into two-dimensional arrays. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2015; 201508575 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1508575112

Cite This Page:

Penn State. "Self-assembling, biomimetic membranes may aid water filtration." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 31 July 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/07/150731105238.htm>.
Penn State. (2015, July 31). Self-assembling, biomimetic membranes may aid water filtration. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 23, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/07/150731105238.htm
Penn State. "Self-assembling, biomimetic membranes may aid water filtration." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/07/150731105238.htm (accessed May 23, 2017).

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