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Ancient new guinea pot makers' surprising innovation

Archaeologists have unearthed the oldest known pottery from Papua New Guinea in a surprisingly remote location in the rugged highlands

Date:
September 2, 2015
Source:
Australian National University
Summary:
Archaeologists have unearthed the oldest known pottery from Papua New Guinea in a surprisingly remote location in the rugged highlands. The piece of red glossy pottery with designs cut into it is 3,000 years old, several hundred years older than the previous oldest known pottery in New Guinea.
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Pottery fragments from New Guinea, top sherd is the earliest.
Credit: Dylan Gaffney, Glenn Summerhayes, Anne Ford, Sue Bulmer

Archaeologists have unearthed the oldest known pottery from Papua New Guinea in a surprisingly remote location in the rugged highlands.

The piece of red glossy pottery with designs cut into it is 3,000 years old, several hundred years older than the previous oldest known pottery in New Guinea.

It was found in the highlands region, well away from the coast where there was regular contact with other seafaring pottery making cultures such as the Lapita people.

"It's an example of how technology spread among cultures," said Dr Tim Denham from The Australian National University (ANU).

"Some pottery must have soon found its way into the highlands, which inspired the highlanders to try making it themselves."

The find will help archaeologists reconstruct how pottery techniques spread from southeast Asia through the Pacific, and gives broader insights into the way technology spread throughout early civilisations.

As part of research led by Otago University in New Zealand, Dr Denham, from the ANU School of Archaeology and Anthropology, determined precise dates for a number of pottery pieces found at Wañalek in the Bismarck Range, in Papua New Guinea's Madang Province.

"It's interesting to have pushed back antiquity by several hundred years, and in a place where you least expect it," Dr Denham said.

"And it shows human history is not always a smooth progression -- later on pottery making was abandoned across most of the highlands of New Guinea. No one knows when or why."


Story Source:

Materials provided by Australian National University. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Dylan Gaffney, Glenn R. Summerhayes, Anne Ford, James M. Scott, Tim Denham, Judith Field, William R. Dickinson. Earliest Pottery on New Guinea Mainland Reveals Austronesian Influences in Highland Environments 3000 Years Ago. PLOS ONE, 2015; 10 (9): e0134497 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0134497

Cite This Page:

Australian National University. "Ancient new guinea pot makers' surprising innovation: Archaeologists have unearthed the oldest known pottery from Papua New Guinea in a surprisingly remote location in the rugged highlands." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 2 September 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/09/150902155541.htm>.
Australian National University. (2015, September 2). Ancient new guinea pot makers' surprising innovation: Archaeologists have unearthed the oldest known pottery from Papua New Guinea in a surprisingly remote location in the rugged highlands. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 26, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/09/150902155541.htm
Australian National University. "Ancient new guinea pot makers' surprising innovation: Archaeologists have unearthed the oldest known pottery from Papua New Guinea in a surprisingly remote location in the rugged highlands." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/09/150902155541.htm (accessed May 26, 2017).

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