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Angola's singing AIDS nurses

September 10, 2015
Johns Hopkins School of Nursing
Simple melodies help nurses remember medicines for treating HIV in pregnant patients.

Helena Cumbelembe Inacio, center, used a simple tune to help nurses remember HIV medication protocols.
Credit: Courtesy of jhpiego

Nurse-trainer Helena Cumbelembe Inacio was struggling to teach nurses at the health center here the correct combination of medicines to prevent pregnant women with HIV from passing the infection to their children. The nurses couldn't quite master the medication protocol. "The learning is slow, and they could not pronounce well the names of the [antiretroviral] drugs, let alone to remember the combination of the drugs," Cumbelembe Inacio recalled.

Angola's Institute for the Fight Against AIDS had taken the bold step of accelerating a plan to expand Option B+, an approach recommended by the World Health Organization to offer all pregnant and breastfeeding women who are HIV-positive a combination regimen of three antiretrovirals immediately upon diagnosis that they would continue to take for life.

The nurses at the facility, a four-hour ride from the central city of Huambo, had the essential skills to care for patients but had not had refresher training in many years, and this new area of HIV treatment proved to be daunting. "I said, well, maybe through a song they will learn the names and the combination." So, Cumbelembe Inacio and fellow trainer Dinis Cardoso reworked the lyrics of the French nursery rhyme Frère Jacques to follow the three-drug treatment regimen of Tenofovir (TDF), Lamivudine (3TC), and Efavirenz.

Esquema preferencial: Te-De-Efe, Te-De-Efe, Tres t-ce, Tres t-ce, Efavirense, Efavirense, mistura, mistura

[Translation: Preferred regimen: TDF, 3TC, Efavirenz combined]

"The nurses sang and danced, the names stuck, and they could remember the combination very well," recalled Cumbelembe Inacio. "Even when we went back for supervision they recited the [regimen] correctly."

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Materials provided by Johns Hopkins School of Nursing. Original written by Samson Ngonyani. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

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Johns Hopkins School of Nursing. "Angola's singing AIDS nurses." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 10 September 2015. <>.
Johns Hopkins School of Nursing. (2015, September 10). Angola's singing AIDS nurses. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 23, 2017 from
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