HIV and AIDS News
August 26, 2016

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August 26, 2016

Study Finds Better Definition of Homelessness May Help Minimize HIV Risk

Aug. 19, 2016 — Being homeless puts people at greater risk of HIV infection than those with stable housing, but targeting services to reduce risk behaviors is often complicated by fuzzy definitions of homelessness, ... read more

Emtricitabine/tenofovir Alafenamide in HIV Infection: Added Benefit Not Proven

Aug. 18, 2016 — When investigators reviewed Emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide in HIV infection, they found that partly no data were available, and partly the appropriate comparator therapy was not adhered to. The ... read more

Aug. 11, 2016 — Invasive non-typhoidal Salmonella (iNTS) infections cause illness and death in sub-Saharan Africa, but little is known about iNTS in Asia. A new study suggests that iNTS is a severe infection with a ... read more

Disrupting Mitochondrial Function Could Improve Treatment of Fungal Infections

Aug. 11, 2016 — By identifying new compounds that selectively block mitochondrial respiration in pathogenic fungi, scientists have identified a potential antifungal mechanism that could enable combination therapy ... read more

Patients With TB and HIV Should Receive Prompt Coordinated Treatment for Both Conditions

Aug. 11, 2016 — Tuberculosis is a leading killer of people with HIV, and providing therapy for both illnesses simultaneously saves lives, according to new guidelines on the treatment of drug-susceptible TB. ... read more

Combining Forces Against Influenza A

Aug. 12, 2016 — Influenza A is one of the most prolific and diverse viruses on Earth; its ability to rapidly mutate to resist treatment challenges the management of future pandemics. Effective antiviral drugs for ... read more

New Study Evaluates Link Between Young Women's Beliefs on Alcohol Use and Sexual Risk-Taking

Aug. 10, 2016 — A new study looks at how young women's beliefs about alcohol and sex affect condom usage during sexual encounters involving alcohol. The work shows that just over two-thirds (66.9 percent) of ... read more

Discovery of Key Component of HIV Yields New Drug Target

Aug. 10, 2016 — Scientists have discovered an essential feature of HIV that the virus uses to infect cells whilst avoiding detection by the immune system. This discovery presents a new drug target and the ... read more

Study Pushes Back the Origin of HIV-Related Retroviruses to 60 Million Years Ago

Aug. 9, 2016 — A research group has used genomic data from the exotic Malayan flying lemur (colugo) to uncover the oldest lentivirus ever identified, whose first emergence may date to as early as 60 million years ... read more

HIV Not a Super-Spreader of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis

Aug. 9, 2016 — While the human immunodeficiency virus pandemic fuels tuberculosis outbreaks, it does not drive the development and transmission of multidrug-resistance in TB patients as previously suspected, ... read more

Dormant Copies of HIV Mostly Defective, New Study Shows

Aug. 8, 2016 — After fully sequencing the latent HIV 'provirus' genomes from 19 people being treated for HIV, scientists report that even in patients who start treatment very early, the only widely ... read more

HIV Stigma Influenced by Perceptions of Masculinity, Study Reveals

Aug. 8, 2016 — Whether an HIV-positive man has met cultural expectations of masculinity might impact how much stigma he experiences, according to a new ... read more

Big Step Towards Cure for HIV and Other Lifelong Viral Infections

Aug. 3, 2016 — New research has taken us a step closer to finding a cure for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), as well as other infections including the glandular fever virus, which is associated with the ... read more

Aug. 3, 2016 — Researchers are studying a protein called Nef involved in HIV progression to AIDS with the ultimate goal of blocking it. He and his collaborators have developed a new hybrid method to study this HIV ... read more

First Next-Generation Sequencing Test for HIV Drug Resistance Could Help Combat AIDS Worldwide

Aug. 3, 2016 — New research demonstrates that a first-of-its-kind next-generation sequencing test can detect HIV drug resistance mutations that conventional tests fail to identify. This test could play a critical ... read more

Link Found Between Inflammatory Biomarkers, Increased Heart Disease in Men With HIV

Aug. 3, 2016 — A cardiac imaging study uncovers a correlation between the high prevalence of coronary artery disease in men infected with HIV and in increase in inflammatory biomarkers, report ... read more

Infections With the Parasitic Worm W Bancrofti Associated With Increased Risk of HIV Infection, According to Tanzanian Study

Aug. 2, 2016 — People infected with a parasitic worm called Wuchereria bancrofti in areas where HIV is endemic may be more likely to acquire HIV than people who are not infected with the worm, according to a new ... read more

Effectiveness of New Anti-HIV Medication to Protect Women and Infants Demonstrated

Aug. 1, 2016 — Each year, 1.5 million women living with HIV become pregnant. Without effective treatment, up to 45 percent of HIV-infected mothers will transmit the virus to their child, usually through ... read more

Protein Critical to Toxoplasmosis Regulation: CD4 T-Cell and Blimp-1

Aug. 1, 2016 — Researchers are finding a way to regulate chronic toxoplasmosis, one of the most common parasitic diseases worldwide. This research also has important implications for ... read more

Scientists Identify Immunological Profiles of People Who Make Powerful HIV Antibodies

July 29, 2016 — People living with HIV who naturally produce broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) that may help suppress the virus have different immunological profiles than people who do not, researchers report. ... read more

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