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Sweet news for soda, coffee drinkers: Stevia less bitter than before

Date:
November 11, 2015
Source:
Cornell University
Summary:
Good news for consumers with a sweet tooth. Food scientists have reduced the sweetener stevia's bitter aftertaste by physical -- rather than chemical -- means.
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Good news for consumers with a sweet tooth. Cornell food scientists have reduced the sweetener stevia's bitter aftertaste by physical -- rather than chemical -- means, as noted in the Volume 197, Part A issue of the journal Food Chemistry.

Cornell professor of food process engineering, Syed Rizvi, co-authored the research "Controlling the Taste Receptor Accessible Structure of Rebaudioside A via Binding to Bovine Serum Albumin," with Samriddh Mudgal, the lead author and former graduate student in Rizvi's lab at Cornell; Ivan Keresztes, director of Cornell's NMR facility in the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, and Gerald W. Feigenson, professor of biochemistry, molecular and cell biology.

While previous studies have focused on masking taste receptors, Cornell food scientists took a different approach. They worked on one of stevia's components, rebaudioside A (also known as Reb A), the glycoside molecule that provides its sugary taste but yields a speck of aftertaste that limits the sweetener's commercial possibilities.

The researchers modified Reb A by applying "hydrophobic effects" to the bovine serum albumin protein, which creates a stable Reb A-protein complex -- and it essentially dissipates the Reb A molecular components without breaking or forming any chemical bonds. This protein solution disengages stevia's bitter components, making it less likely for the human tongue's bitter receptors to recognize the modified Reb A-protein complex.

Researchers tested the modified protein's sturdiness in orange juice and found the sweet binding remained intact.

The study's findings could encourage the beverage industry, packaged dressings, cream sauces, powdered soups and dairy products to use more stevia.


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Materials provided by Cornell University. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Samriddh Mudgal, Ivan Keresztes, Gerald W. Feigenson, S.S.H. Rizvi. Controlling the taste receptor accessible structure of rebaudioside A via binding to bovine serum albumin. Food Chemistry, 2016; 197: 84 DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.10.064

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Cornell University. "Sweet news for soda, coffee drinkers: Stevia less bitter than before." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 11 November 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/11/151111165427.htm>.
Cornell University. (2015, November 11). Sweet news for soda, coffee drinkers: Stevia less bitter than before. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 27, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/11/151111165427.htm
Cornell University. "Sweet news for soda, coffee drinkers: Stevia less bitter than before." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/11/151111165427.htm (accessed May 27, 2017).

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