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Common cause for complications after kidney transplantation identified

Date:
November 23, 2015
Source:
University of Basel
Summary:
The BK polyomavirus often causes complications after kidney transplantation. A research group has now been able to show, that the immunosuppressive drug Tacrolimus directly activates the replication of the virus and could thus be responsible for these complications.
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The BK polyomavirus often causes complications after kidney transplantation. The research group of Professor Hans H. Hirsch from the Department of Biomedicine at the University of Basel has now been able to show, that the immunosuppressive drug Tacrolimus directly activates the replication of the virus and could thus be responsible for these complications. The American Journal of Transplantation has published the study.

The BK polyomavirus often causes complications after kidney transplantation. The research group of Professor Hans H. Hirsch from the Department of Biomedicine at the University of Basel has now been able to show, that the immunosuppressive drug Tacrolimus directly activates the replication of the virus and could thus be responsible for these complications. The "American Journal of Transplantation" has published the study.

Polyomavirus infections are common, however, they usually do not cause symptoms in healthy adults. However, the virus becomes much more problematic for patients who have to take immunosuppressive drugs after kidney transplantation. In ten to twenty percent of all cases, the BK virus starts to spread within the transplant and causes an inflammation. This can, in the worst case, destroy the new organ entirely and put the patient back on the transplant waiting list.

When it comes to organ transplantation, doctors mainly fight the human immune system, which tries to reject the donor organ. Immunosuppressive drugs, such as the commonly used Tacrolimus, are prescribed to suppress this process. The substance inhibits signaling between the body's immune cells. However, this treatment also weakens the immune system in such a way that it is no longer able to protect the organism sufficiently from viruses such as said BK virus -- a predicament.

Drugs affect virus differently

The Transplantation & Clinical Virology research group from the Department of Biomedicine at the University of Basel led by Professor Hans H. Hirsch was now able to show, that the BK virus reacts completely different to various immunosuppressive drugs: While the commonly used drug Tacrolimus activates the replication of the virus inside kidney cells, the substance Sirolimus, a mTOR inhibitor, inhibits virus replication.

The results explain why in the past ten years an increasing number of cases of BK polyomavirus complications have occurred after the widespread introduction of Tacrolimus in transplantation clinics. The findings also provide important rationales for clinical trials in order to test the use of mTOR inhibitors like Sirolimus in patients in acute danger of loosing their kidney transplant without simultaneously having to increase the risk of organ rejection.


Story Source:

Materials provided by University of Basel. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. H. H. Hirsch, K. Yakhontova, M. Li and J. Manzetti. BK Polyomavirus Replication in Renal Tubular Epithelial Cells Is Inhibited by Sirolimus, but Activated by Tacrolimus Through a Pathway Involving FKBP-12. American Journal of Transplantation, November 2015 DOI: 10.1111/ajt.13541

Cite This Page:

University of Basel. "Common cause for complications after kidney transplantation identified." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 23 November 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/11/151123201938.htm>.
University of Basel. (2015, November 23). Common cause for complications after kidney transplantation identified. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 23, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/11/151123201938.htm
University of Basel. "Common cause for complications after kidney transplantation identified." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/11/151123201938.htm (accessed May 23, 2017).

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