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Traffic light colors to denote heathfulness of foods do affect what we buy

Date:
October 13, 2016
Source:
University of Bonn
Summary:
Which products end up in your shopping basket? If the packaging information also features food traffic light colors (green for healthy, yellow for caution, and red for high fat and sugar content) fewer products are chosen purely based on taste and more based on health aspects compared with nutritional information purely in percentages and grams, research shows.
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What influence do taste and health aspects have when buying food? Laura Enax and Prof. Bernd Weber from the University of Bonn with various products from which subjects should choose.
Credit: © Photo: Rolf Müller/UKB-Ukom

Which products end up in your shopping basket? If the packaging information also features food traffic light colors, fewer products are chosen purely based on taste and more based on health aspects compared with nutritional information purely in percentages and grams. This has been shown in a study by researchers at the University of Bonn, which is now being published in the journal Judgment and Decision Making.

Chocolate or apple? Most people are in two minds when buying food: one motivation is to purchase whatever tastes best -- so something that is generally sweet or fatty. At the same time, we know attention should be paid on health factors and, for instance, making sure we don't consume too many calories. "Often, this deliberation process favors foods that taste good," says Prof. Bernd Weber from the Center for Economics and Neuroscience (CENs) at the University of Bonn. In contrast, products that don't taste as good but may be healthier are much more likely to be left on the shelf.

Does it have to be this way? In a study, scientists from the University of Bonn worked with colleagues from Ohio State University (USA) to investigate whether information about food components can convince consumers to increasingly reach for foods with fewer calories. A total of 44 adult participants were first asked to what extent they like 100 different foods. Half of these products -- including chips, chocolate bars and cookies -- were less healthy foods. The other half -- such as rice waffles, crispbread and natural yoghurt -- were more desirable for health reasons. The participants were not allowed to eat anything for four hours before the actual test so that everyone completed the study with the same size of appetite.

Choice between calorific and healthier products

On the computer screen, the subjects were able to choose from two products, one healthy and one less so, the components of which were also stated. In some cases, this meant nutritional information in the form of grams and percentages. Alternatively, the content information was combined with a "food traffic light." Red symbolized, for instance, a high proportion of fats, sugar or salt -- while green represented a low proportion. Yellow held a middle position, like in a traffic light. When assessing the data, the scientists took into account the personal preferences of the participants: is the product among the person's favorite foods or did they not like the taste very much?

The subjects were above all guided by their taste when the nutritional information shown consisted of grams and percentages. "However, if this information was combined with the food traffic light colors, health aspects of the product played a greater role," says lead author Laura Enax from CENs at the University of Bonn. On average, it was several percentage points more likely that healthier foods were chosen when the traffic light colors came into play than when pure figures were shown on the food packaging.

Consumers pay attention to figures as well as traffic light colors

What's more, the researchers tested whether the subjects were only guided by the colors in that the products only featured a green or red label for a single nutrient. "The effects here are much smaller compared with the full 'nutrient traffic light'," says Laura Enax.

In a previously conducted study, the scientists from CENS had already shown that the traffic light colors act like a kind of "amplifier" to areas of consumers' brains responsible for self-control. "The current study was about how a better balance can be achieved between taste-related preferences and health aspects when making a purchase," explains Prof. Weber. "The traffic light colors seem to have a much more favorable effect here than pure percentages and grams."

Find the report at: http://journal.sjdm.org/16/16620/jdm16620.pdf


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Materials provided by University of Bonn. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Cite This Page:

University of Bonn. "Traffic light colors to denote heathfulness of foods do affect what we buy." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 13 October 2016. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/10/161013141058.htm>.
University of Bonn. (2016, October 13). Traffic light colors to denote heathfulness of foods do affect what we buy. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 27, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/10/161013141058.htm
University of Bonn. "Traffic light colors to denote heathfulness of foods do affect what we buy." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/10/161013141058.htm (accessed May 27, 2017).

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