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Long-term opioid use does not increase risk of Alzheimer's disease

Date:
October 24, 2017
Source:
University of Eastern Finland
Summary:
Opioid use is not associated with an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease, shows a recent study. A previous study from the US reported an association between high cumulative doses of opioids and an increased risk of dementia, but the Finnish study does not confirm this finding.
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Opioid use is not associated with an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease, shows a recent study from the University of Eastern Finland. Researchers did not find any risk neither for long-term use nor for higher cumulative doses. Opioids are powerful pain relieving drugs that act on the nervous system.

Published in Pain Medicine, the study is the most extensive one conducted on the topic so far. A previous study from the US reported an association between high cumulative doses of opioids and an increased risk of dementia, but the Finnish study does not confirm this finding.

However, several adverse effects are related to opioid use, such as drowsiness and reduced alertness, and for this reason, opioid use should be restricted to the most severe pain conditions only. Opioid use may also lead to addiction or tolerance to pain-relieving effects.

Opioid use was compared between Finnish persons with Alzheimer's disease and their control persons without the disease. The study was part of the nationwide register-based MEDALZ study and included 70,718 persons diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease in Finland during 2005-2011, as well as 282,862 control persons.


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Materials provided by University of Eastern Finland. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Heidi Taipale, Aleksi Hamina, Pasi Lampela, Antti Tanskanen, Jari Tiihonen, Niina Karttunen, Anna-Maija Tolppanen, Sirpa Hartikainen. Is Alzheimer’s Disease Associated with Previous Opioid Use? Pain Medicine, 2017; DOI: 10.1093/pm/pnx210

Cite This Page:

University of Eastern Finland. "Long-term opioid use does not increase risk of Alzheimer's disease." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 24 October 2017. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/10/171024103046.htm>.
University of Eastern Finland. (2017, October 24). Long-term opioid use does not increase risk of Alzheimer's disease. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 20, 2024 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/10/171024103046.htm
University of Eastern Finland. "Long-term opioid use does not increase risk of Alzheimer's disease." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/10/171024103046.htm (accessed May 20, 2024).

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