Addiction News
July 29, 2016

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updated 5:38pm EDT

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July 29, 2016

Glutamate Levels in the Brain May Be Linked to Alcohol Craving

July 20, 2016 — Craving consists of cognitive, emotional, and behavioral elements related to a desire to drink alcohol, and can be experienced during intoxication, withdrawal, and/or prior to relapse. Different ... read more

Study Examines Opioid Agonist Therapy Use in Medicare Patients

July 20, 2016 — Few Medicare enrollees appear to be receiving buprenorphine-naloxone, the only opioid agonist therapy for opioid addiction available through Medicare Part D prescription drug coverage, according to a ... read more

Study With Aye-Ayes, Slow Loris Finds That Prosimians Prefer Alcohol

July 19, 2016 — In the first controlled study of its kind using nectar-simulating solutions, researchers found that two aye-ayes and another prosimian primate (slow loris) could discriminate different concentrations ... read more

Quitting Smoking During Pregnancy: Beneficial for Both Mother and Child

July 19, 2016 — In 80 percent of cases, pregnant women who used nicotine patches or the drug Zyban successively quit smoking, a new study has shown. Even after stopping the use of these products, 60 percent of Zyban ... read more

Buprenorphine Implants May Be Effective Relapse Prevention Tool for Adults With Opioid Dependence

July 19, 2016 — While buprenorphine has long been used to treat adults with opioid dependence, its efficacy can be hindered by lack of adherence to daily, sublingual (beneath the tongue) doses of the medication. New ... read more

Children Are Affected by Parental Substance Use

July 18, 2016 — Children whose caregivers misuse alcohol or use, produce or distribute drugs face an increased risk of medical and behavioral problems. According to a new clinical report, pediatricians hold the ... read more

Working Memory in Aging Adults Becomes Increasingly Affected by Alcohol

July 15, 2016 — Working memory can be thought of as short-term memory, temporarily holding ideas and recent events in the mind for quick recall. Working memory often declines with age; it may also be susceptible to ... read more

There Is Something About Those Energy Drinks

July 15, 2016 — Energy drinks combined with alcohol (AmEDs) were once available for purchase as a premixed beverage, until 2010 when the U.S. Food and Drug Administration determined that the combination was unsafe. ... read more

Public Health Benefits of E-Cigarette Use Tend to Outweigh the Harms

July 14, 2016 — A modeling study by top tobacco control experts finds that e-cigarettes are likely to provide public health benefits based on "conservative estimates" of the likely uptake of vaping and ... read more

Why Scientists Are Calling for Experiments on Ecstasy

July 14, 2016 — MDMA, more commonly known as ecstasy, promotes strong feelings of empathy in users and is classified as a Schedule 1 drug -- a category reserved for compounds with no accepted medical use and a high ... read more

Drug-Use May Hamper Moral Judgment

July 13, 2016 — Regular cocaine and methamphetamine users can have difficulty choosing between right and wrong, perhaps because the specific parts of their brains used for moral processing and evaluating emotions ... read more

Study Finds Differing Treatment Options for Women Smokers

July 13, 2016 — A new study has found important differences between women and men in their ability to quit smoking when taking medications commonly prescribed to help smokers ... read more

Doctors Shouldn't Routinely Recommend E-Cigarettes to Smokers

July 12, 2016 — Existing treatments are more effective than e-cigarettes to help people quit smoking, there are professional ethics concerns about providers who recommend them, and there is no strong evidence that ... read more

July 11, 2016 — A new study debunks the popular belief that electronic cigarettes are merely a substitute for cigarettes among teens. Instead, the study suggests that some teens who never would have smoked ... read more

Nicotine Exposure During Pregnancy Nearly Twice as High as Reported

July 7, 2016 — More women may be smoking and exposed to nicotine during pregnancy than previously thought, according to research. The study reveals a significant gap between the number of local, pregnant mothers ... read more

Not Blowing Smoke: Research Finds Medical Marijuana Lowers Prescription Drug Use

July 6, 2016 — Medical marijuana is having a positive impact on the bottom line of Medicare's prescription drug benefit program in states that have legalized its use for medicinal purposes, according to new ... read more

Trauma Induces More Alcohol Craving Than Stress Among Veterans With PTSD and Co-Occurring Alcohol Dependence

July 1, 2016 — Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol dependence (AD) are two of the most common and debilitating disorders diagnosed among American military veterans. AD and PTSD often occur together, ... read more

Does Discrimination Increase Drinking?

June 30, 2016 — Another negative health outcome linked to discrimination has been uncovered by research: alcohol ... read more

Study Pinpoints Behavior Type Linked to Binge Drinking in Young Adults

June 30, 2016 — Binge drinking — almost a rite of passage — peaks during the college years. So this begs the question, “Are there specific characteristics associated with high-level binge drinking habits in ... read more

New Study Shows a Generational Shift Toward Lighter Drinking in Australia

June 28, 2016 — Alcohol consumption in Australia has declined steadily during the past decade, with per capita consumption in 2013-14 reaching its lowest level since the early 1960s. A new study shows that the ... read more

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