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Tiny cave snail with muffin-top waistline rolls out of the dark in Laos

Date:
November 16, 2020
Source:
Pensoft Publishers
Summary:
Recent cave exploration has turned up a tiny, top-heavy snail that glistens under the light of the microscope lens. Only 1.80 mm tall, this transparent snail bulges at the middle, giving a natural appearance to the ''muffin-top'' waistline. The article reveals new biodiversity from the seldom explored caves of central Laos.
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A new species of tiny cave snail that glistens in the light and has a muffin-top-like bulge, was discovered by Marina Ferrand of the French Club Etude et Exploration des Gouffres et Carrie?res (EEGC), during the Phouhin Namno caving expedition in Tham Houey Yè cave in Laos in March 2019. The new species, Laoennea renouardi, is 1.80 mm tall and is named after the French caver, Louis Renouard, who explored and mapped the only two caves in Laos known to harbor this group of tiny snails. Only two species of Laoennea snail are known so far, L. carychioides and now, L. renouardi.

Caver and scientist, Dr. Adrienne Jochum, affiliated with the Natural History Museum BernUniversity of Bern (Switzerland), as well as the Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum (Frankfurt, Germany) described the new species and its cave habitat together with co-authors: Estée Bochud, Natural History Museum Bern; Quentin Wackenheim, Laboratoire de Géographie Physique (Meudon, France) and Laboratoire Trajectoires (Nanterre, France); Marina Ferrand, EEGC; and Dr. Adrien Favre, Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum, in the open-access, peer-reviewed journal Subterranean Biology.

"The discovery and description of biodiversity before it disappears is a major priority for biologists worldwide. The caves in Laos are still largely underexplored and the snails known from them remain few in number," points out Dr. Jochum.

The fact that two species of tiny cave snails of the same group were found in two caves located in two independent karstic networks 3.4 km apart, caused the authors to question evolutionary processes in these underground hotspots of biodiversity. The authors hypothesise that the two caves might have been connected during the Quaternary, around 100-200 thousand years ago. In time, the river Yè might have formed a barrier, thus disconnecting the cave systems and separating the populations. As a result, the snails evolved into two different species.


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Materials provided by Pensoft Publishers. The original story is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Adrienne Jochum, Estée Bochud, Adrien Favre, Marina Ferrand, Quentin Wackenheim. A new species of Laoennea microsnail (Stylommatophora, Diapheridae) from a cave in Laos. Subterranean Biology, 2020; 36: 1 DOI: 10.3897/subtbiol.36.58977

Cite This Page:

Pensoft Publishers. "Tiny cave snail with muffin-top waistline rolls out of the dark in Laos." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 16 November 2020. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/11/201116112922.htm>.
Pensoft Publishers. (2020, November 16). Tiny cave snail with muffin-top waistline rolls out of the dark in Laos. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 18, 2024 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/11/201116112922.htm
Pensoft Publishers. "Tiny cave snail with muffin-top waistline rolls out of the dark in Laos." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/11/201116112922.htm (accessed May 18, 2024).

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