Life Sciences News
April 30, 2017

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April 30, 2017

Mushrooms Get Defensive

Apr. 27, 2017 — Some mushrooms produce long-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids as their chemical defense against insect larvae. The biosynthesis of these polyenes relies on only one enzyme, as scientists have now ... read more

Apr. 27, 2017 — The cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa is able to counteract negative effects of ocean acidification under controlled laboratory conditions when water temperature rises by a few degrees at the same ... read more

Apr. 27, 2017 — Two new species of African mole-rat have been discovered by researchers. The species, formally described as Fukomys hanangensis and Fukomys livingstoni, were found around Mount Hanang and at Ujiji on ... read more

Apr. 27, 2017 — Researchers have constructed a marine food web to show how climate change could affect our future fish supplies and marine ... read more

Apr. 26, 2017 — Parkinson's disease may start in the gut and spread to the brain via the vagus nerve, according to a study. The vagus nerve extends from the brainstem to the abdomen and controls unconscious ... read more

A Chicken-Egg Question: Where Do Baby Genes Come From?

Apr. 26, 2017 — New genes are more likely to emerge full-fledged from a genome's 'junk' DNA than many scientists would have expected, according to new research by evolutionary ... read more

Animal Testing Essential to Medical Progress but Protocols Could Be Improved

Apr. 26, 2017 — The use of animals in biomedical research has long been the focus of campaigns by animal rights activists. Two leading scientists give their expert view of the importance of animal testing to medical ... read more

Apr. 26, 2017 — Looking for a better beer or single malt Scotch whiskey? A team of researchers may have you covered. They are among a group of 77 scientists worldwide who have sequenced the complete genome of ... read more

Apr. 26, 2017 — In the spring when water temperatures start to rise, rainbow trout that have spent several years at sea traveling hundreds of miles from home manage, without maps or GPS, to find their way back to ... read more

Can Aromatherapy Calm Competition Horses?

Apr. 26, 2017 — Although studies suggest that inhaling certain scents may reduce stress in humans, aromatherapy is relatively unexplored in veterinary medicine. But new research raises the question of whether ... read more

Apr. 26, 2017 — The flow of genes between Bengal tigers in two reserves of the Terai Arc Landscape in western Himalayan foothills is too low, according to a ... read more

Apr. 26, 2017 — Paleontologists have uncovered a new fossil species that sheds light on the origin of mandibulates, the most abundant and diverse group of organisms on Earth, to which belong familiar animals such as ... read more

Novel Antibiotic Resistance Gene in Milk

Apr. 26, 2017 — A new antibiotic resistance gene has been found in bacteria from dairy cows. This gene confers resistance to all beta-lactam antibiotics including the last generation of cephalosporins used against ... read more

Dairy 'Excellent' Source of Protein for Children, New Study Deems

Apr. 26, 2017 — Researchers are using pigs as a model to study the best way of evaluating protein quality in foods eaten by ... read more

Urbanization Costs Five Billion Years of Evolutionary History

Apr. 26, 2017 — All over the globe, the urbanization of landscapes is increasing. 60% of the land surface which is expected to be urban by 2030 is currently not built on at all. How this will impact on biological ... read more

Apr. 26, 2017 — Being first in a new ecosystem provides major advantages for pioneering species, but the benefits may depend on just how competitive later-arriving species are. That is among the conclusions in a new ... read more

Larger Schooling Fish Found to Have Stronger Attraction Forces

Apr. 26, 2017 — In schooling fish, collective movement emerges as a result of multiple social interactions between individuals. In a new study, larger individuals have been found to display stronger attraction ... read more

The Clever Cell: Molecular Mechanism Inhibits the Swarming Motility of Bacterial Populations

Apr. 26, 2017 — A biological chemistry working group has decoded a molecular mechanism that inhibits the swarming motility of bacterial ... read more

Apr. 25, 2017 — A dark slithering creature four feet long that dwells in the foul mud of a remote lagoon in the Philippines has been discovered by researchers. They say studying the animal, a giant shipworm with ... read more

Apr. 25, 2017 — Antarctica and the Southern Ocean are not in better environmental shape than the rest of the ... read more

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