Life Sciences News
August 30, 2016

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August 30, 2016

Aug. 30, 2016 — Monkeys in captivity lose much of their native gut bacteria diversity and their gut bacteria ends up resembling those of humans, new research shows. The results suggest that switching to a low-fiber, ... read more

Change in the Immune System Can Lead to Success

Aug. 30, 2016 — The sequencing of the Atlantic cod genome in 2011 demonstrated that this species lacks a crucial part of its immune system. In a follow-up study, researchers have investigated a large number of ... read more

How Aged Wine Gets Its Aroma

Aug. 29, 2016 — Researchers have discovered an enzyme that plays a leading role in the formation of compounds that give aged wines their sought-after ... read more

Probing How CRISPR-Cas9 Works

Aug. 26, 2016 — A new study reveals important new details about the inner workings of the CRISPR-Cas9 machinery in live cells that may have implications for the development of therapeutics that use the powerful gene ... read more

Aug. 26, 2016 — A new study will help researchers understand the ways that marine animal larvae use sound as a cue to settle on coral reefs. The study has determined that sounds created by adult fish and ... read more

Mechanical Force Triggers Gene Expression by Stretching Chromatin

Aug. 26, 2016 — How genes in our DNA are expressed into traits within a cell is a complicated mystery with many players, the main suspects being chemical. However, a new study has demonstrated that external ... read more

Aug. 26, 2016 — Researchers found that the specialist moth Heliothis subflexa benefits from secondary plant components by turning the original defensive function of these compounds into its own advantage. ... read more

Aug. 26, 2016 — A research team has succeeded in developing 'Target-AID', a genome editing technique that does not cleave the DNA. The technique offers, through high-level editing operation, a method to ... read more

Aug. 26, 2016 — The gibbon ape leukemia virus (GALV) is a medically important tool in cancer therapies. GALV is a retrovirus pathogenic to its host species, the southeast Asian lar gibbon (Hylobates lar) and thought ... read more

Newly Discovered 'Multicomponent' Virus Can Infect Animals

Aug. 25, 2016 — Scientists have identified a new 'multicomponent' virus --one containing different segments of genetic material in separate particles -- that can infect animals. This new pathogen was ... read more

How Lyme Disease Bacteria Spread Through the Body

Aug. 25, 2016 — Researchers have developed a live-cell-imaging-based system that provides insights into how Lyme disease bacteria latch onto and move along the inside surface of blood vessels to reach key ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — If two species are mutualists -- that is, each benefits from the activity of the other -- the Red King Theory predicts that they should evolve at a slower rate, so as to avoid interrupting their ... read more

Hay Fever from Ragweed Pollen Could Double Due to Climate Change

Aug. 24, 2016 — Climate change could cause new hay fever misery for millions of people across Europe -- according to a new report. Hay fever is a common allergic condition that is caused by an allergy to pollen -- ... read more

Aug. 24, 2016 — New flow visualizations using data from weather radar networks depict nocturnal bird migrations, according to a new ... read more

Predicting Plant-Soil Feedbacks from Plant Traits

Aug. 24, 2016 — In nature, plants cannot grow without soil biota like fungi and bacteria. Successful plants are able to harness positive, growth-promoting soil organisms, while avoiding the negative effects of ... read more

Aug. 24, 2016 — Plants are adapting to increasing atmospheric CO2 according to a new study.The research provides insight into the long-term impacts of rising CO2 and the implications for global food security and ... read more

A Brain Circuit to Push Past Nutritional Stress

Aug. 24, 2016 — Nutritional stress is a normal part of life; going hungry on a short-term basis generally does not impair important functions. The brain coordinates the response to nutritional stress but how it does ... read more

Aug. 24, 2016 — The Caribbean islands form a natural laboratory for the study of evolution due to their unique biological and geological features. There has been heated discussion since the early 20th century on how ... read more

A New Path for Killing Pathogenic Bacteria

Aug. 24, 2016 — Bacteria that cause tuberculosis, leprosy and other diseases, survive by switching between two different types of metabolism. Scientists have now discovered that this switch is controlled by a ... read more

Aug. 24, 2016 — Indoor air pollution is an important environmental threat to human health, leading to symptoms of 'sick building syndrome.' But researchers report that surrounding oneself with certain ... read more

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