Life Sciences News
September 27, 2016

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September 27, 2016

Sep. 26, 2016 — To fill in the blanks on mitochondria, researchers deleted 174 genes, one by one, in yeast. They then subjected the yeast to high-intensity mass spectrometry to measure unprecedented detail on ... read more

Gaps in Data Place Thousands of Illegally Traded Wild Animals at Risk, Say Researchers

Sep. 26, 2016 — The fate of over 64,000 live wild animals officially reported to have been confiscated by enforcement agencies remains untraceable, according to a new report. Between 2010 and 2014, more than 64,000 ... read more

Al­tern­at­ive Ox­i­dase from a Mar­ine An­imal Works in Mam­mals, Com­bats Bac­terial Sepsis

Sep. 23, 2016 — Mitochondrial alternative oxidase from a sea-squirt works as a safety valve for stressed mitochondria. This property enables it to stop the runaway inflammatory process that leads to multiple organ ... read more

Sep. 23, 2016 — Sapoviruses are an emerging group of viruses of the group of caliciviruses and well known agents of gastric enteritis, but very little is currently known about their role in wildlife ecology or the ... read more

Sep. 22, 2016 — Whales are the biggest animals to ever have existed on Earth, and yet some subsist on creatures the size of a paper clip. It's a relatively common factoid, but, in truth, how they do this is ... read more

Different Tree Species Use the Same Genes to Adapt to Climate Change, Researchers Find

Sep. 22, 2016 — Both pine and spruce use the same suite of 47 genes to adapt to geographic variation in temperature, and to appropriately time acquisition of cold hardiness -- a trait that allows plants to tolerate ... read more

Sep. 22, 2016 — Trophy hunters can play an important role in lion conservation, researchers have shown. These findings may surprise the public, but most lion conservationists think trophy hunting could play a key ... read more

Sep. 22, 2016 — Iconic dinosaur shapes were present for at least a hundred million years on our planet in animals before those dinosaurs themselves actually ... read more

Culex Mosquitoes Do Not Transmit Zika Virus, Study Finds

Sep. 22, 2016 — Important results in the fight against Zika virus has been identified by researchers: Culex mosquitoes do not appear to transmit Zika ... read more

How a Native Plant Ended Up on Reality TV, and Why It's at Risk

Sep. 22, 2016 — In one of television’s more bizarre recent offerings, the History Channel show “Appalachian Outlaws” follows a band of West Virginians as they hunt rugged forests for American ginseng, a ... read more

Sep. 22, 2016 — A team's finding that CRISPR-Cas9 is a reliable method for multi-gene editing of this particular plant species has been released in a new article. The technology, a genome-editing tool called ... read more

Researcher Finds Gene That Reduces Female Mosquitoes

Sep. 22, 2016 — Placing a particular Y chromosome gene on the autosomes of Anopheles stephensi mosquitoes — a species responsible for transmitting malaria — killed off 100 percent of all female embryos that ... read more

Sep. 22, 2016 — To become a sustainable alternative to meat, reared crickets must be fed feeds other than the chicken feed that is most commonly used today. Researchers now present a study that shows that there are ... read more

It's Not All About Tigers and Criminals: Illegal Wildlife Trade Responses Need Nuance

Sep. 22, 2016 — Responses to illegal wildlife trade need to be more nuanced and not only focused on high-profile species if we are to truly tackle the problem, say ... read more

Computers Learn to Spot Deadly Bacteria

Sep. 21, 2016 — Machine learning can predict strains of bacteria likely to cause food poisoning outbreaks, research has found. The study -- which focused on harmful strains of E. coli bacteria -- could help public ... read more

Marine Life Showing Its True Colors

Sep. 21, 2016 — Cephalopods -- cuttlefish, squid and octopus -- are renowned for their fast color changes and remarkable camouflage abilities. Now researchers have established that colorful coastal cephalopods are ... read more

Sep. 21, 2016 — In a new study that upends the way ornithologists think about a young bird's diet -- but won't shock parents used to scanning the nutritional profile of their children's food -- ... read more

More Than 7 Million Bacterial Genes in the Pig Gut

Sep. 21, 2016 — Pig is a main livestock species for food production worldwide and is also widely used as an animal model in biomedical research. An international consortium of researchers has now established the ... read more

Feeding a Mars Mission: The Challenges of Growing Plants in Space

Sep. 21, 2016 — Plants will play a critical role in the survival of human beings on long-duration space missions, such as a mission to Mars.  However, as a new paper shows, many challenges need to be addressed if ... read more

New Insights Into 'Plant Memories'

Sep. 21, 2016 — A special stretch of ribonucleic acid (RNA) called COOLAIR is revealing its inner structure and function to scientists, displaying a striking resemblance to an RNA molecular machine, territory ... read more

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