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New approach to tackle muscle loss in aging

Date:
April 22, 2024
Source:
Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona)
Summary:
A specific protein, TP53INP2, might prevent muscle loss associated with aging. A new study indicates that high levels of this protein are linked to greater muscle strength and healthier aging. This discovery paves the way for new treatments that could enhance the quality of life for the elderly.
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Sarcopenia, a prevalent condition among the elderly, is characterized by a progressive decline in muscle mass and function, which can significantly diminish their quality of life and increase the risk of falls, injuries, and dependency. A greater understanding of this phenomenon is crucial for devising effective strategies that enable the ageing population to remain healthy and independent.

A study co-led by Dr. Antonio Zorzano, from IRB Barcelona, and Dr. David Sebastián, now a Professor at the University of Barcelona (UB), reveals that a protein named TP53INP2 could be pivotal in combatting sarcopenia. Conducted in partnership with Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, the study indicates that increased levels of this protein in muscle correlate with greater muscular strength and healthier ageing in humans.

Loss of muscle mass typically starts around the age of 55, and it has a detrimental effect on people's ability to perform daily tasks and on their health. Sarcopenia leads to increased frailty physical disability and the need for long-term care.

By conducting experiments on mouse models and analysing human muscle tissue samples, the researchers observed a decrease in TP53INP2 levels with age. However, artificially boosting the presence of this protein in muscles -- whether continuously in young mice or temporarily in older mice through genetic engineering techniques -- led to a significant improvement in both muscle mass and function.

These findings suggest that promoting the activity of TP53INP2 and, consequently, autophagy in the muscle, could be an effective strategy to tackle sarcopenia, thereby contributing to a more active and healthier ageing process. In studies involving humans, high levels of TP53INP2 were associated with greater strength and enhanced physical performance, thereby highlighting the potential of this protein as an indicator of healthy ageing.

"This study not only underscores the importance of keeping autophagy active in muscles to prevent muscle mass loss but also gives us hope regarding potential treatments that could improve the condition or at least mitigate the effects of ageing on our muscles," explains Dr. Zorzano, who is also a Professor at the Faculty of Biology at the UB and a member of CIBERDEM. "Furthermore, the activation of autophagy through TP53INP2 improved the quality of mitochondria, essential organelles in energy generation -- a process that we had previously shown to be disrupted during ageing," highlights Dr. Sebastián, Professor in the Department of Biochemistry and Physiology at the Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences of the UB.

The partnership with Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu has been pivotal, providing access to biologic samples from well-characterized patients. This allowed the researchers to establish the link between TP53INP2 muscle expression and healthy ageing in humans. This advance not only paves the way for further research in ageing but also points to potential interventions to greatly improve the quality of life of seniors, helping them to maintain their independence and vitality.

Moving forward, the researchers will continue to explore whether TP53INP2 levels in each person are influenced by genetic factors and physical activity, or, whether other habits, like nutrition, play a significant role.

This work has been possible thanks to funding from the Ministry of Science, Innovation, and Universities, the Generalitat de Catalunya, and the Carlos III Health Institute.


Story Source:

Materials provided by Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona). Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. David Sebastián, Marc Beltrà, Andrea Irazoki, David Sala, Pilar Aparicio, Cecilia Aris, Esmaeil Alibakhshi, Maria Rubio-Valera, Manuel Palacín, Juan Castellanos, Luis Lores, Antonio Zorzano. TP53INP2-dependent activation of muscle autophagy ameliorates sarcopenia and promotes healthy aging. Autophagy, 2024; 1 DOI: 10.1080/15548627.2024.2333717

Cite This Page:

Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona). "New approach to tackle muscle loss in aging." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 22 April 2024. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240422120709.htm>.
Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona). (2024, April 22). New approach to tackle muscle loss in aging. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 24, 2024 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240422120709.htm
Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona). "New approach to tackle muscle loss in aging." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240422120709.htm (accessed May 24, 2024).

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