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Amniotic sac

The amniotic sac is a tough but thin transparent pair of membranes, which hold a developing embryo (and later fetus) until shortly before birth.

The inner membrane, the amnion, contains the amniotic fluid and the fetus.

The outer membrane, the chorion, contains the amnion and is part of the placenta.

It is also called the amniotic bubble because of its resemblance to a bubble.

When in the light, the amniotic sac is shiny and very smooth, but too tough to pierce through.

Amniotic fluid is the watery liquid surrounding and cushioning a growing fetus within the amnion.

It allows the fetus to move freely without the walls of the uterus being too tight against its body.

Buoyancy is also provided.

Note:   The above text is excerpted from the Wikipedia article "Amniotic sac", which has been released under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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