Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Economic Crisis, Civil War And Tsunami No Problem If Reefs Well Managed

Date:
September 29, 2006
Source:
James Cook University
Summary:
A tsunami's impact on a coral reef is slight compared to the devastation wreaked by human use of explosives and poison, latest research from the coast of Aceh in Indonesia has disclosed.

Rubiah Sea Garden April 2005.
Credit: Photo courtesy of ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies

A tsunami's impact on a coral reef is slight compared to the devastation wreaked by human use of explosives and poison, latest research from the coast of Aceh in Indonesia has disclosed.

A new study published in the journal Atoll Research Bulletin, highlights the success of traditional systems and marine parks in protecting coral reefs in Aceh, Indonesia.

The Indian Ocean tsunami of 26 December 2004 has given marine scientists their first real chance to examine the impact of this type of catastrophic disturbance on marine ecosystems - and compare how managed areas of reef fared compared with sites where 'anything goes'.

The research was carried out in March 2005, less than 100 days after the tsunami. An international scientific team including ecologists from the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), Syiah Kuala University, and James Cook University (JCU) visited 49 reefs in northern Aceh - all within 300 km of the epicenter - to determine the condition of the reefs in the wake of the tsunami.

"Basically we found that the early reports about tsunami devastation to the coral reefs on which the local tourism industry is based were grossly exaggerated. Similarly, the tsunami had no detectable effect on reef fish assemblages at these sites".

"Damage to the corals ...was surprisingly limited and trivial when compared to pre-existing damage, probably caused by destructive fishing practices," says Dr Andrew Baird of the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, JCU who was a member of the assessment team.

But their most startling finding was that reef condition was clearly related to how effectively the reef was being managed.

"Coral cover was on average 2-3 times higher on reefs managed under the traditional Acehnese system, and in the Pulau Rubiah Marine Park compared to open-access areas," says Dr Stuart Campbell who leads the WCS Indonesian marine program "The high quality of many of the reefs of Pulau Weh represents a considerable conservation achievement. While the condition of many reefs in the region remains a cause for concern, this is one of the few examples of successful marine resource management using both a traditional approach and marine reserves globally."

Dr Morgan Pratchett, also from the ARC CoE for Reef Studies adds "The Acehnese traditional model has been successful because maintaining the livelihoods of the people is the main goal: people have not been excluded from the environment. Fishing pressure is managed through group decisions plus there is an effective means of conflict resolution."

"We have much to learn from the Acehnese experience." according to Dr Baird "Their success in the face of civil war, economic collapse, and catastrophic natural disaster is extraordinary, and the goal is to understand and replicate their success in other parts of Indonesia and the world."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by James Cook University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

James Cook University. "Economic Crisis, Civil War And Tsunami No Problem If Reefs Well Managed." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 29 September 2006. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/09/060927094539.htm>.
James Cook University. (2006, September 29). Economic Crisis, Civil War And Tsunami No Problem If Reefs Well Managed. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 24, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/09/060927094539.htm
James Cook University. "Economic Crisis, Civil War And Tsunami No Problem If Reefs Well Managed." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/09/060927094539.htm (accessed July 24, 2014).

Share This




More Earth & Climate News

Thursday, July 24, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Goma Cheese Brings Whiff of New Hope to DRC

Goma Cheese Brings Whiff of New Hope to DRC

Reuters - Business Video Online (July 24, 2014) The eastern region of the Democratic Republic of Congo, mainly known for conflict and instability, is an unlikely place for the production of fine cheese. But a farm in the village of Masisi, in North Kivu is slowly transforming perceptions of the area. Known simply as Goma cheese, the Congolese version of Dutch gouda has gained popularity through out the region. Ciara Sutton reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Bill Gates: Health, Agriculture Key to Africa's Development

Bill Gates: Health, Agriculture Key to Africa's Development

AFP (July 24, 2014) Health and agriculture development are key if African countries are to overcome poverty and grow, US software billionaire Bill Gates said Thursday, as he received an honourary degree in Ethiopia. Duration: 00:36 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Higgins Breaks Record at Mt. Washington

Higgins Breaks Record at Mt. Washington

Driving Sports (July 24, 2014) Subaru Rally Team USA drivers David Higgins and Travis Pastrana face off against a global contingent of racers at the annual Mt. Washington Hillclimb in New Hampshire. Includes exclusive in-car footage from Higgins' record attempt. Video provided by Driving Sports
Powered by NewsLook.com
Storm Kills Three, Injures 20 at Virginia Campground

Storm Kills Three, Injures 20 at Virginia Campground

Reuters - US Online Video (July 24, 2014) A likely tornado tears through an eastern Virginia campground, killing three and injuring at least 20. Linda So reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

    Health News

      Environment News

        Technology News



          Save/Print:
          Share:

          Free Subscriptions


          Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

          Get Social & Mobile


          Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

          Have Feedback?


          Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
          Mobile: iPhone Android Web
          Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
          Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
          Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins