Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Economic Crisis, Civil War And Tsunami No Problem If Reefs Well Managed

Date:
September 29, 2006
Source:
James Cook University
Summary:
A tsunami's impact on a coral reef is slight compared to the devastation wreaked by human use of explosives and poison, latest research from the coast of Aceh in Indonesia has disclosed.

Rubiah Sea Garden April 2005.
Credit: Photo courtesy of ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies

A tsunami's impact on a coral reef is slight compared to the devastation wreaked by human use of explosives and poison, latest research from the coast of Aceh in Indonesia has disclosed.

A new study published in the journal Atoll Research Bulletin, highlights the success of traditional systems and marine parks in protecting coral reefs in Aceh, Indonesia.

The Indian Ocean tsunami of 26 December 2004 has given marine scientists their first real chance to examine the impact of this type of catastrophic disturbance on marine ecosystems - and compare how managed areas of reef fared compared with sites where 'anything goes'.

The research was carried out in March 2005, less than 100 days after the tsunami. An international scientific team including ecologists from the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), Syiah Kuala University, and James Cook University (JCU) visited 49 reefs in northern Aceh - all within 300 km of the epicenter - to determine the condition of the reefs in the wake of the tsunami.

"Basically we found that the early reports about tsunami devastation to the coral reefs on which the local tourism industry is based were grossly exaggerated. Similarly, the tsunami had no detectable effect on reef fish assemblages at these sites".

"Damage to the corals ...was surprisingly limited and trivial when compared to pre-existing damage, probably caused by destructive fishing practices," says Dr Andrew Baird of the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, JCU who was a member of the assessment team.

But their most startling finding was that reef condition was clearly related to how effectively the reef was being managed.

"Coral cover was on average 2-3 times higher on reefs managed under the traditional Acehnese system, and in the Pulau Rubiah Marine Park compared to open-access areas," says Dr Stuart Campbell who leads the WCS Indonesian marine program "The high quality of many of the reefs of Pulau Weh represents a considerable conservation achievement. While the condition of many reefs in the region remains a cause for concern, this is one of the few examples of successful marine resource management using both a traditional approach and marine reserves globally."

Dr Morgan Pratchett, also from the ARC CoE for Reef Studies adds "The Acehnese traditional model has been successful because maintaining the livelihoods of the people is the main goal: people have not been excluded from the environment. Fishing pressure is managed through group decisions plus there is an effective means of conflict resolution."

"We have much to learn from the Acehnese experience." according to Dr Baird "Their success in the face of civil war, economic collapse, and catastrophic natural disaster is extraordinary, and the goal is to understand and replicate their success in other parts of Indonesia and the world."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by James Cook University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

James Cook University. "Economic Crisis, Civil War And Tsunami No Problem If Reefs Well Managed." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 29 September 2006. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/09/060927094539.htm>.
James Cook University. (2006, September 29). Economic Crisis, Civil War And Tsunami No Problem If Reefs Well Managed. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 24, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/09/060927094539.htm
James Cook University. "Economic Crisis, Civil War And Tsunami No Problem If Reefs Well Managed." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/09/060927094539.htm (accessed April 24, 2014).

Share This



More Earth & Climate News

Thursday, April 24, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Deadly Fungus Killing Bats, Spreading in US

Deadly Fungus Killing Bats, Spreading in US

AP (Apr. 24, 2014) A disease that has killed more than six million cave-dwelling bats in the United States is on the move and wildlife biologists are worried. White Nose Syndrome, discovered in New York in 2006, has now spread to 25 states. (April 24) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
New Pictures of Ship That Sank in 1888

New Pictures of Ship That Sank in 1888

AP (Apr. 24, 2014) Federal researchers have released new images of the City of Chester, a steamship that sank in San Francisco Bay in 1888. Researchers recently found the shipwreck while mapping shipping routes. (April 24) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Risk of Asteroid Hitting Earth Higher Than Thought, Study Shows

Risk of Asteroid Hitting Earth Higher Than Thought, Study Shows

Reuters - US Online Video (Apr. 23, 2014) A group of space explorers say the chance of a city-obliterating asteroid striking Earth is higher than scientists previously believed. Deborah Gembara reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
UN Joint Mission Starts Removing Landmines in Cyprus

UN Joint Mission Starts Removing Landmines in Cyprus

AFP (Apr. 23, 2014) The UN mission in Cyprus (UNFICYP) led a mine clearance demonstration on Wednesday in the UN-controlled buffer zone where demining operations are being conducted near the Cypriot village of Mammari. Duration: 01:00 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins