Scientist at Kaunas University of Technology (KTU), Lithuania, dr. Ruta Miniotaite has made series of investigations on how various destructive factors affect painted building walls. According to Miniotaite, the external surface of building walls is continuously affected by the natural climate of variable intensity and the factors occurring due to the anthropogenic activity.
The heat and mass exchange between outside air and walls is the most distinct in a relatively thin surface layer. The activity of physical processes, substantial variations of temperature and moisture and other effects of various origins are particularly distinct in that layer. Durability of the surfaces depends on the prevailing climate effects and on a complex of physical and mechanical values of the materials used. The complex and partial methods have been worked out for application at investigation of destruction processes.
Miniotaite, who is working in KTU Department of Civil Engineering Technologies, says that partial methods were applied to investigate physical and mechanical characteristics of various objects, before necessary direct weather durability tests in the climatic chamber along the programme of evaluation of simulated effects were carried through.
It has been established that paint under consideration should be assessed according to its composition and macrostructure characteristics, and base or primer layer (which is later covered) for its susceptibility to moisture absorption and deformation.
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