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Skin cancer: Team synthesizes new drugs with surprising powers

Date:
May 27, 2016
Source:
INSERM (Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale)
Summary:
Finding new, more effective and personalized treatments for cancer is the challenge of many researchers. The challenge has been successfully met by a team that has just synthesized and developed new drugs for melanoma.
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Finding new, more effective and personalised treatments for cancer is the challenge of many researchers. A challenge that has been successfully met by a team from Inserm led by Stéphane Rocchi (Inserm Unit 1065, "Mediterranean Center for Molecular Medicine"), which has just synthesised and developed new drugs for melanoma. One of them, known as HA15, reduces the viability of melanoma cells without being toxic for normal cells. This work has just been published in the journal Cancer Cell.

Melanoma is a highly aggressive form of skin cancer. It affects melanocytes, the cells responsible for the synthesis of melanin, which gives the skin its colour. There are 3 stages of tumour progression: radial growth, in which the cells proliferate in a disordered manner in the epidermis, the vertical growth phase, which involves invasion of the dermis, and finally the metastatic phase, corresponding to the dissemination of the cancer cells in the peripheral tissues.

Although encouraging results have been obtained for treating the metastatic phase (using targeted therapies or immunotherapies), most patients will need additional treatments to prevent the tumour from coming back, and to prevent more metastases from developing. The identification of new drug candidates is therefore an unavoidable element for the establishment of effective biotherapies against this cancer, the incidence of which is doubling every ten years.

In this context, researchers from Nice discovered a new family of drugs, the Thiazole Benzensulfonamides (TZB), which have useful anticancer properties. "Initially this family of drugs was identified in type 2 diabetes, as it increased the sensitivity of cells to insulin. If we wanted to use it against cancer, we had to be able to eliminate this proinsulin activity," explains Stéphane Rocchi. "Thus we started to modify its structure."

After many attempts, the initial TZD structure was extensively modified thanks to a fruitful collaboration with Dr Benhida's team from the Nice Institute of Chemistry, to obtain a formulation in which the "lead compound" was called HA15.


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Materials provided by INSERM (Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale). Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Michaël Cerezo, Abdelali Lehraiki, Antoine Millet, Florian Rouaud, Magali Plaisant, Emilie Jaune, Thomas Botton, Cyril Ronco, Patricia Abbe, Hella Amdouni, Thierry Passeron, Veronique Hofman, Baharia Mograbi, Anne-Sophie Dabert-Gay, Delphine Debayle, Damien Alcor, Nabil Rabhi, Jean-Sébastien Annicotte, Laurent Héliot, Mariano Gonzalez-Pisfil, Caroline Robert, Solange Moréra, Armelle Virougoux, Philippe Gual, Maruf M.U. Ali, Corine Bertolotto, Paul Hofman, Robert Ballotti, Rachid Benhida, Stéphane Rocchi. Compounds Triggering ER Stress Exert Anti-Melanoma Effects and Overcome BRAF Inhibitor Resistance. Cancer Cell, 2016; DOI: 10.1016/j.ccell.2016.04.013

Cite This Page:

INSERM (Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale). "Skin cancer: Team synthesizes new drugs with surprising powers." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 27 May 2016. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/05/160527133341.htm>.
INSERM (Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale). (2016, May 27). Skin cancer: Team synthesizes new drugs with surprising powers. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 25, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/05/160527133341.htm
INSERM (Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale). "Skin cancer: Team synthesizes new drugs with surprising powers." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/05/160527133341.htm (accessed May 25, 2017).

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