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Limiting salt consumption lowers blood pressure in patients with kidney disease

Date:
February 17, 2017
Source:
American Society of Nephrology (ASN)
Summary:
Receiving advice on limiting salt consumption helped kidney disease patients lower their systolic blood pressure by an average of 11 mmHg, research concludes. Limiting salt intake also reduced excess fluid retention that is common among patients with kidney disease.
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In a study of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), simple advice from dieticians on limiting salt consumption led to reduced blood pressure. The findings, which appear in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN), point to a practical way to potentially improve CKD patients' health.

Individuals with CKD often have hypertension and volume expansion, an increase in the total amount of fluid present in the body that often occurs when people take in too much salt (sodium) or have impaired kidney function. Increasing the amount of fluid in the body directly raises blood pressure.

Reducing volume expansion and blood pressure are important for slowing the rate of CKD progression. To see if a sodium restricted diet might help achieve this, Rajiv Saran, MD (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor) and his colleagues conducted a randomized crossover trial. A total of 58 adults with CKD followed a sodium restricted diet (<2g of sodium per day) or their 'usual diet' for 4 weeks, followed by a 2-week washout period and then a 4-week period when patients crossed over to the other diet. During the sodium restriction phase, patients did not eat prepared low sodium meals; rather, dieticians provided counseling every 2 weeks using motivational interviewing techniques.

In 79% of participants, dietary sodium was reduced during the restriction phase, and 65% of patients reduced their intake by >20%. During that time, patients experienced an average reduction of 11mmHg in systolic blood pressure and an average reduction in volume of 1 liter.

"We found that reducing sodium in the diet helps to significantly reduce blood pressure and reduce the excess fluid retention that is common among patients with kidney disease," said Dr. Saran. "This did not require complicated pre-cooked meals and was simply based on common sense advice given by trained dieticians that helps patient understand what it takes to reduce salt in their diets and what the potential benefits are likely to be." Dr. Saran noted that, if applied diligently, sodium restriction may help patients take fewer blood pressure medications.

Study co-authors include Robin Padilla, MS, Brenda Gillespie, PhD, Michael Heung, MD, Scott Hummel, MD, Vimal Kumar Derebail, MD, Bertram Pitt, MD, Nathan Levin, MD, Fansan Zhu, PhD, Samer Abbas, PhD, Li Liu, PhD, Peter Kotanko, MD, and Philip Klemmer, MD.

The article is entitled "A Randomized Crossover Trial of Dietary Sodium Restriction in Stage 3-4 Chronic Kidney Disease."


Story Source:

Materials provided by American Society of Nephrology (ASN). Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Rajiv Saran, Robin L. Padilla, Brenda W. Gillespie, Michael Heung, Scott L. Hummel, Vimal Kumar Derebail, Bertram Pitt, Nathan W. Levin, Fansan Zhu, Samer R. Abbas, Li Liu, Peter Kotanko, Philip Klemmer. A Randomized Crossover Trial of Dietary Sodium Restriction in Stage 3–4 CKD. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 2017; CJN.01120216 DOI: 10.2215/CJN.01120216

Cite This Page:

American Society of Nephrology (ASN). "Limiting salt consumption lowers blood pressure in patients with kidney disease." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 17 February 2017. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/02/170217012859.htm>.
American Society of Nephrology (ASN). (2017, February 17). Limiting salt consumption lowers blood pressure in patients with kidney disease. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 27, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/02/170217012859.htm
American Society of Nephrology (ASN). "Limiting salt consumption lowers blood pressure in patients with kidney disease." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/02/170217012859.htm (accessed May 27, 2017).

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