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Does prescription opioid use by one household member increase risk of prescribed use in others?

Date:
December 11, 2017
Source:
The JAMA Network Journals
Summary:
Living in a household with a prescription opioid user may be associated with increased risk of prescription opioid use by other household members.
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Living in a household with a prescription opioid user may be associated with increased risk of prescription opioid use by other household members, outlines a new report by Marissa J. Seamans, Ph.D., of Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, and coauthors. The study focused on claims data for commercial insurance beneficiaries sharing a health plan from 2000 to 2014; outpatient pharmacy dispensing of a prescription opioid vs prescription NSAID (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug) started by a household member (exposure); new dispensing by an outpatient pharmacy of a prescription opioid for another household member (outcome)

Millions of opioid prescriptions are dispensed each year in the United States and unused opioids stored in household medicine cabinets are opportunities for drug sharing. However, whether prescription opioid use by one household member is associated with prescription opioid use in other household members is unknown.

This is an observational study. Researchers are not intervening for purposes of the study and cannot control natural differences that could explain study findings.

The one-year risk of prescription opioid use was an absolute 0.71 percent higher among people in households where another person had an opioid prescription compared with households with an NSAID prescription, the researchers have concluded.

The study limitation noted by the researchers was that increase in risk of opioid use was small, and factors the researchers did not or could not measure might explain it.

In the end, the study concludes that living in a household with a prescription opioid user may increase risk of prescription opioid use. Opioid prescribing decisions may need to consider the context within which the medications will be used and the potential risk of subsequent opioid initiation by other people in a household.


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Materials provided by The JAMA Network Journals. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Marissa J. Seamans, Timothy S. Carey, Daniel J. Westreich, Stephen R. Cole, Stephanie B. Wheeler, G. Caleb Alexander, Virginia Pate, M. Alan Brookhart. Association of Household Opioid Availability and Prescription Opioid Initiation Among Household Members. JAMA Internal Medicine, 2017; DOI: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.7280

Cite This Page:

The JAMA Network Journals. "Does prescription opioid use by one household member increase risk of prescribed use in others?." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 11 December 2017. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/12/171211120419.htm>.
The JAMA Network Journals. (2017, December 11). Does prescription opioid use by one household member increase risk of prescribed use in others?. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 20, 2024 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/12/171211120419.htm
The JAMA Network Journals. "Does prescription opioid use by one household member increase risk of prescribed use in others?." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/12/171211120419.htm (accessed April 20, 2024).

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