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Iron-based solar cells on track to becoming more efficient

Date:
November 12, 2019
Source:
Lund University
Summary:
An international study shows that 30% of the energy in a certain type of light-absorbing iron molecule disappears in a previously unknown manner. By closing this loophole, the researchers hope to contribute to the development of more efficient solar cells using this iron-based solar cell.
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An international study led from Lund University in Sweden shows that 30 per cent of the energy in a certain type of light-absorbing iron molecule disappears in a previously unknown manner. By closing this loophole, the researchers hope to contribute to the development of more efficient solar cells using this iron-based solar cell.

The sun is an unlimited source of pure and renewable energy. However, manufacturing the components in today's silicon-based solar cell solutions requires a lot of energy, and many new solar celluse rare or toxic elements.

Researchers at Lund University have therefore started to develop alternative solar cell solutions based on iron. As a part of this research, an international research team recently carried out a free electron laser experiment at Stanford in the US to investigate how light-absorbing iron molecules transfer electrons into a state from which the energy can be extracted.

"It was shown that in one-third of cases, the electron is not held in position long enough for us to extract the energy. Instead the energy disappeared very rapidly over a previously unknown channel," says Jens Uhlig, chemistry researcher at Lund University and leader of the study.

More studies at large scale facilities like Stanford or MAX IV in Lund will now be conducted with the aim to find methods for avoiding this energy loss.

"If we can find a way to extract energy from all the molecules, the efficiency of these iron-based solar cells or light activated catalysts would increase considerably," says Jens Uhlig.

According to the research team, it is of the utmost importance that we find sustainable, scalable materials that can replace or complement today's silicon-based solar cell solutions. Jens Uhlig is convinced that iron, which is a plentiful resource in the Earth's crust, could be a solution to the problem.

"Through our discovery linked to these new iron-based solar cells, we hope to contribute important knowledge about how we are to meet the global energy challenge we are facing," he concludes.

Short explainer video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1-uZZSItBXk&feature=youtu.be


Story Source:

Materials provided by Lund University. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Hideyuki Tatsuno, Kasper S. Kjaer, Kristjan Kunnus, Tobias C. B. Harlang, Cornelia Timm, Meiyuan Guo, Pavel Chàbera, Lisa A. Fredin, Robert W. Hartsock, Marco E. Reinhard, Sergey Koroidov, Lin Li, Amy A. Cordones, Olga Gordivska, Om Prakash, Yizhu Liu, Mads G. Laursen, Elisa Biasin, Frederik B. Hansen, Peter Vester, Morten Christensen, Kristoffer Haldrup, Zoltán Németh, Dorottya Sárosiné Szemes, Éva Bajnóczi, György Vankó, Tim B. Van Driel, Roberto Alonso-Mori, James M. Glownia, Silke Nelson, Marcin Sikorski, Henrik T. Lemke, Dimosthenis Sokaras, Sophie E. Canton, Asmus O. Dohn, Klaus B. Møller, Martin M. Nielsen, Kelly J. Gaffney, Kenneth Wärnmark, Villy Sundström, Petter Persson, Jens Uhlig. Hot Branching Dynamics in a Light-Harvesting Iron Carbene Complex Revealed by Ultrafast X-ray Emission Spectroscopy. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2019; DOI: 10.1002/anie.201908065

Cite This Page:

Lund University. "Iron-based solar cells on track to becoming more efficient." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 12 November 2019. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/11/191112142930.htm>.
Lund University. (2019, November 12). Iron-based solar cells on track to becoming more efficient. ScienceDaily. Retrieved June 21, 2024 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/11/191112142930.htm
Lund University. "Iron-based solar cells on track to becoming more efficient." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/11/191112142930.htm (accessed June 21, 2024).

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